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But compared to the other films, Call Me By Your Name lacks a critique of class-based social inequality, revealing the limits of Guadagnino and possibly Italian fiction cinema on gay-themed subjects. He broadly researches on migration, mobilities, multiculturalism, media, rhetoric, ethics, masculinity, and meaning-making. My interest, and the focus of this paper, will be to explore whether contemporary transnational productions that have global distribution erase local specificity when making their LGBT characters legible to global audiences.
This paper seeks to investigate the kinds of cultural codes being used to represent these Italian LGBT identities. She is currently working on a co-edited volume on Queer Italian Media. Through the analysis of specific case studies — including Suburra: Blood on Rome , Gomorrah , Il Miracolo [The Miracle] — this paper will focus on the ways in which queer characters are represented, the discourses that circulate around them in the public sphere, as well as their apparent or mediated political potential.
Giovanna Maina is post-doc research fellow at the University of Sassari Italy. She has recently authored the book Corpi che si sfogliano. Her main research interests are contemporary alternative pornographies and Italian popular cinema. He has published widely on intertextuality, intermediality, media convergence, Italian popular cinema, and US pornography.
Modelli di traduzione Are documentary films able to make a difference and surge above the fragmented, confusing, and noisy voices claiming our attention in the many social and digital spheres of our lives? In other words, how can documentary films contribute meaningfully to social change? In this paper, I attempt to engage with these complex questions through a discussion of two films which are self-declared examples of documentaries for social change: Io sto con la sposa and 18 Ius Soli. Il diritto di essere italiani Both films address contested issues of citizenship, national identity, belonging, and mobility.
These are matters which, arguably, rate highly among the most pressing concerns of our time. As far as the early production is concerned, the paper argues that the aesthetic of PCIs films was consequent to the subject of the film, and ultimately the outcome of a cultural and political elaboration carried out by the Party leadership and willingly adopted by Party filmmakers.
Communism, modernity and the left-wing North were associated with Socialist realism, in accordance with the Zhdanov Doctrine. Neorealism was the style of choice to represent backwardness and misery, and therefore the South of the country. The improvements in PCI film propaganda were also a consequence of the work by a new generation of professionals.
The presentation will be using both conventional tools and a video-essay commentary. His research interests revolve principally around the history of the Italian Left, cinematic propaganda, cinema and history, and the public and political use of history. Lo guarderanno circa dieci milioni di persone. Aree di studio: Media studies graphic novel, serie televisive , Geocritica, Women studies, Psicanalisi e Letteratura. Massimiliano L. During this period of political violence and organized as well as unorganized crime spreading uncontrollably through Italian streets, these films allegedly enabled viewers to purge themselves of the fear and intimidation they were subjected to in real life.
In this paper, I show the limits of the established understanding of catharsis in this context and delineate better the cultural function of the specific cathartic dynamic at play in this filone of films. His research interests include post-war Italian political cinema and literature, and experimental cinematic and literary works of the twentieth century. His dissertation focuses on Italian representations of political violence during the anni di piombo in film and literature. Molti registi in Europa e negli Stati Uniti allargarono i limiti dello stile classico di regia cinematografica, iscrivendosi in quella logica produttiva che David Bordwell ha descritto come intensified continuity.
Come funziona un genere cinematografico Vita e Pensiero, ; Psicologia di unemozione. The central hypothesis of a potential cues framework is that identification with a narrative character is a multidimensional experience for which different dimensions are evoked by different audio-visual cues. The conceptualization of identification distinguishes six dimensions: a spatiotemporal, a perceptual, a cognitive, a moral, an emotional, and an embodied dimension. It will be argued that from a cognitive perspective, a non-empirical approach and an empirical approach could be implemented in order to test the propositions.
His main areas of research are Italian crime fiction and Italian cinema. He is particularly interested in the Italian economic miracle and its influence on crime as reflected in Italian literature and cinema of the post war period. He is currently working on the concept of noir in the Italian context from a gender, cognitive and narratological theoretical approach. His early films used low-tech photographic methods to animate drawings as narratives in apartheid South Africa.
Using techniques of the pentimento and the slowness of time-lapse photography, his practice positioned itself between media, later expanded into projections for opera and transnational statements, for example in response to the trauma of the current global refugee crisis. Rome: Triumphs and Laments is a metre drawing on the walls of the Tiber, a public communication about the history of the city. Mimicking the film strip on a massive scale, this work takes drawing far beyond its once subservient role as preparation for the main event of painting, sculpture, or architecture.
It is partly due to the confluence with film that drawing has been salvaged from its erstwhile prefatory role. Film and drawing together enables the expansion of the latter while contributing critically to the interruption of suture in the former. She holds a doctorate in Art History on the structural correlation between form and meaning in studio practices at the cusp of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, an MA Fine Arts and a BA Fine Arts.
Her recent research focuses on the expanded field of drawing, particularly in relation to history and political trauma in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Its history, landscapes, monuments, cultural elements and the character of its people have captivated the filmmakers and spectators from all over the world. With a very developed cinematography since the silent period, directors of many countries decided to shoot there during the sound period, especially United States. Peplum, historical films, comedy and melodrama were the genres most developed in these years, especially between and The objectives of this work are to reflect on the tourist image that showed these Hollywood films shot in Italy, to observe which spaces are represented and to know which male and female characters are prototypes.
His lines of research are articulated around the film adaptations of Tennessee Williams, the construction and analysis of the audiovisual character, the classical, Spanish and Italian cinema, and the film representation of the History of Education. In particular, the urban scenarios designed for depicting a Roman upper-class group of bored intellectuals, have a pivotal role in the film: the city is indeed one of the main characters. More specifically, it will be studied how, through the use of montage, music and dialogues, Sorrentino is creating two different urban dimensions, based on two different kinds of Rome: one dark, contemporary and brutal, and the other sublime and beautiful, but trapped in the past.
Carla Molinari is currently Senior Lecturer in Architecture at the Leeds Beckett University and Honorary Associate of the University of Liverpool, conducting research on innovative interpretation of sequences and montage in architecture. She has a PhD in Theory and Critic of Architecture University Sapienza of Rome and has published on cinema and architecture, on the conception of architectural space and on cultural regeneration. In life, attempting to answer the question of fantasy always entails faulty imagined scenarios. Involving guilt in the process of casting suggests that it is an inherent part of the cinematographic image, as well as the process of creation—its translation from fantasy to film.
Her research focuses on film and: psychoanalysis; theory; gender and gender-crossing; holocaust representations; ethics and aesthetics. Her articles have appeared in international refereed journals. Her research deals with ethics in Israeli cinema and Holocaust representations, historical space in films, reflexivity, psychoanalysis, and aesthetics. The collapse of medium-specific borders easily maps onto s political hopes. But is ekphrastic hope still imaginable today, when border crossings are a matter of profound anxiety?
Her research focuses on moving-image art: video, experimental cinema, and new media. She is currently preparing a monograph on contemporary video art and painting: Old Masters in a Moving Mirror. The shows imaginary universe has been conceived in a way that allows complex and diverse forms of audience responses and engagement. Through offering up this systematic subversion of the rules, the show manages to generate contradictory feelings in audiences, ranging from fervent appreciation to agonized discomfort.
In this paper, the textual schematic of Game of Thrones is examined through the emotional reactions of Italian fans to themes and events of the show. In particular, the analysis of Italian followers comments on Game of Thrones, as reported in their own words, will be instrumental to illustrating the reasons for their passion for the series as well as the main concerns that arise during the viewing of this TV program.
I argue that this process of cultural translation significantly reveals anxieties that underlie contemporary Italian society, due to recent migrations and its long-unacknowledged colonial past. Through the adoption of an intersectional approach, I will examine the interracial relationship between Feven, an Eritrean-born woman, and Carlo, demonstrating that racial discourses are displaced onto gender preoccupations in a retreatist narrative that leaves race directly unaddressed.
Eleonora Sammartino holds a PhD in Film Studies from Kings College London, with a thesis on the relationship between gender identity and the contemporary American film musical. Her research interests include American film and theatre musical, feminist theories and popular media, star studies, and identity politics in Italian media.
In particular, his Still Life shows the impact that the Three Gorges state-run hydro-electric dam project had on the social fabric of the local population. The entire city of Fengjie had to be evacuated before disappearing under the waters of an artificially created lake. His traveling camera lingers with exceptionally slow long takes on the ruins scattered across the Po River delta region. The film is punctuated by interventions of the art critic John Berger who reads passages reflecting on the new aesthetics that those ruins impose to our gaze. She teaches literary theory, modern and postmodern literatures, and Italian literature and cinema.
She has published two co-authored books, Calvino newyorkese Avagliano, and Le eccentriche Tre lune, Bernadette Luciano , Professor of Italian at the University of Auckland, specializes in Italian cinema and cultural studies. Italy in split up for months on the destiny of over In a new law promoted by Interior Minister, Matteo Salvini, set up even harder conditions for the approval of applications for citizenship and enables the loss of citizenship for people sentenced for terrorism.
In the last few years, this need for rights and new narratives is beginning to be expressed in films and series also through the experiences of second-generation performers and directors. This paper aims at offering a reasoned look at the image of this generation in transit as promoted by Italian films, documentaries, TV and web series. He runs the website Cinemafrica and the blog Cinemafrodiscendente.
His latest publications include La cittadinanza come luogo di lotta. Per una controstoria postcoloniale del cinema italiano Aracne, The primary focus is on social, political, and gender issues and how they have come to shape the visual culture of our times. His publications address interdisciplinary topics at the crossway of the Renaissance and later modernity.
He then published a collection of essays titled Una serie ininterrotta di gesti riusciti Marsilio, and is now completing a book manuscript on Ariosto in the Machine Age. Per Francesco, la regista si rimette in gioco da artista, riproponendo una visione del mondo sempre attuale. Ha prodotto film e documentari e collabora a riviste specializzate.
She coordinates the MA programme in Film Studies. Between Philosophy and Literature Bloomsbury, , and E. Forster Revisited Solfanelli, She is currently completing a monograph on the filmic adaptations of Victorian and Neo-Victorian Literature. I prefer to live in Italy. For many people in the English-speaking world, Italy stands for beauty, passion and romance, and this is reflected in a long list of British and American movies.
David Leans film Summer Madness perfectly illustrates this attitude. Set in Venice, the film recounts the love affair between an inexperienced American spinster Katherine Hepburn and her passionate Italian lover Rossano Brazzi. Here, like in numerous other British and American movies which were often Italian co-productions , La Serenissima serves as a backdrop and inspiration for a romantic love story.
Special attention will be paid to the citys function as a catalyst for erotic encounters. The films discussed can thus be seen as contributions to Italian erotic cinema, a chapter of Italian film history that still has to be written. Contestualmente la Film Commission ha generato un forte potere di attrazione sulle produzioni internazionali Europa, Stati Uniti, India , che hanno utilizzato il Salento come set codificando un altro tipo di paesaggio.
Questo intervento intende presentare alcuni casi di studio in grado di esemplificare gli approcci locali e transnazionali al paesaggio, sia in ambito documentaristico che finzionale. Fa parte del comitato di redazione di Segnocinema. As the West was forced to confront the rise of the former colonial, or economically colonized, world, a revolution occurred also at the level of language.
Altrettanto importante, il documentario ottenne che la visione femminista dello stupro entrasse nella consapevolezza collettiva e nel dibattito nazionale sulla legge di riforma del delitto della violenza sessuale. Women behaving badly in crime and prison drama Intellect, Tra i suoi lavori : Public engagement e civic agency: percorsi di educazione alla cittadinanza, in Serpieri R.
Fabrizio , Representaciones y de construcciones , Dickinson, Madrid, ; con V. Giordano e S. Parisi eds. Esperienza e percezione del limite tra gli adolescenti , Franco Angeli, Milano, ; con L. Guadarrama Rico, J. Vilchis Valero. Suarez Villegas eds. Modelli, processi, contenuti , Carocci, Roma, I suoi interessi scientifici sono relativi al campo della comunicazione, del transmedia storytelling e dei consumi culturali.
Si occupa inoltre di rappresentazioni televisive, con particolare riferimento alla fiction. Il protagonismo femminile nella fiction italiana , in M. Buonanno a cura di , Il prisma dei generi Angeli ; Sulle onde sonore. Strategie e usi sociali della musica alla radio , in A. De Benedictis e F. I suoi principali interessi scientifici sono relativi al campo della comunicazione, dei social media e dei consumi culturali.
Tra le sue principali pubblicazioni, Infiniti Anni Ottanta , Homo Communicans , Potere e comunicazione: Media, politica e istituzioni in tempi di crisi She will address La dolce vita as a musical continuum that fills up the vacuity of precarious existence, thus pointing as an idea to the ways in which sound as created artifact, through its own surplus, has the power to undermine subjectivity, while in the breaks of the continuum, sounds of nature become vehicles for an appeal to intimacy, interiority, and relational being.
She received her PhD from Brown. She is the author of Petrarchs Poetics and Literary History and essays in European medieval and Renaissance literature, European cinema studies, transnational feminist media studies, new media, border art, and eco-cinema.
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Her areas of interest include Italian cinema, Deleuzian theory, cinema of poetry, intermediality, literary translation, lyric essay and creative writing. A poet and creative nonfiction writer, as well as a scholar, her lyric essay Marathon Meditation was published in the Los Angeles Review of Books Quarterly Journal , and her untitled short poem recently won the Santa Clarita Sidewalk Poetry Contest.
He has published on American, Italian-American, and Italian cinema. Phantasmagoria, the Magic Lantern, the Moving Panorama, and then the cinematographic screens are just some of its most typical expressions. The digital revolution has intensified and multiplied our exposure to new screens, such as computer monitors, mobile phones, GPS devices, video games consoles, augmented reality, necessarily involving us in new experiences of mobility, tactility, interactivity, connectivity and immersion.
This panel aims to explore how the Italian arts have creatively responded to the concept and materiality of screens in various forms of intermediality across cinema, video art, video installations, theatre, architecture and urban spaces across the decades. Our papers will concentrate on three periods: ss, s and the New Millennium. Screens and theatricality in Italian art, c. This talk will consider this historical proliferation through the lens of art, by looking at various manifestations of — and takes on — the screen in Italian art of the period, focusing on the vetrini of Bruno Munari ss , the schermi and projections of Fabio Mauri ss , and the Environmental Screen of Marinella Pirelli Revisiting, among others, Michael Frieds well-known notion of theatricality or theatre , and Stanley Cavells conception of the screen as a barrier , I will consider how a significant number of artists in these decades sought to engage both cinema and theatre, and to challenge the barrier of the screen.
The engagement of the screen in the works of Munari, Mauri and Pirelli, where screens envelop ordinary objects, or become props or even stages for the viewer, are exemplary of such attempt to articulate cinema theatrically, so to speak, as an intermedial force which may undo, or at least re-draw, the boundaries of art and its disciplines. Her research explores the interrelations between art and cinema, film and photography, live and recorded media, with a focus on post practices.
Emanuela Patti Royal Holloway, University of London, UK Beyond computer screens: projecting digital moving images in public spaces In this paper, I will explore creative practices which experimented with the projection of computer-generated images beyond their original setting, namely the computer monitor. I will particularly emphasise and compare the purpose and reception of these practices in the period ss and today, as well as the role they have had in our perception of space.
Her research interests range across a variety of areas, including modern and contemporary Italian culture, digital screen cultures, intermediality. Ha pubblicato il libro L'apocalisse postmoderna tra letteratura e cinema Le Lettere, , curato il volume Imaginary Films in Literature Rodopi, assieme a S.
Ercolino, M. Fusillo e L. Ha pubblicato articoli e saggi su cinema e letteratura, sul digital storytelling e i nuovi media.
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Collabora con diversi FilmFest e WebFest. Di prossima uscita il volume co-curato con Silvia Antosa, Sex t ualities. Morfologie del corpo tra visioni e narrazioni Mimesis, Chair: Colleen M. In Italy the series is available on TimVision and, similarly to the American context, followed by large audience. Francesca is currently working a new edited collection on women and food in Italian literature, cinema and other forms of visual arts. Sordi, Comedy Italian Style Springer, Such perceptions of aging may result from the generally limited presence of senesce onscreen.
A monograph-length study on the topic of senescence in Italian cinema has yet to be carried out. Scholarship is limited in scope and follows a decidedly gendered division. Working towards the closure of this lacuna, this paper proposes five avenues for future research on aging in Italian film studies: 1. The synecdocal relation of the national Italian body and onscreen representations of death and decline in old age; 2.
Sexuality in the silver years; 4. Tradition, transition, and generational conflict; and 5. More meaningful images of old age. Lisa works primarily on contemporary Italian cinema and culture, and is particularly interested in the topics of migration, aging, and masculinity. Her refereed journal articles interrogate the fluid sexual and racial identities of migrant protagonists onscreen. Along with preparing a monograph for publication, tentatively titled Screening Sterile Masculinity: On Male Migrants, Italian Men, and the Future of Italy , she is working on a project that investigates representations of aging in Italian cinema.
Critics praise his work for its subtle intertextual ramifications, its original editing, its combination of a distant, burlesque and intimistic tone Curnier At first sight, Tableau avec chutes mainly portrays different sites and types of footage related to immigration showing how migrants can reconnect to their roots. Her main area of research is Italian border literature.
Her most recent research interests focus on trauma literature, cultural memory and Jewish-Italian literature Liana Millu, Giuliana Tedeschi, Luciana Nissim, Aldo Zargani and on the new Italian documentary of the Italian diaspora. Rivista europea di studi italiani. From the late s to the early s, the contribution of Italian filmmakers to the development of South American cinema was monumental.
Three countries that specifically benefited from the contribution of Italian filmmakers were Brazil, Argentina, and Colombia. Moreover, little is known about the contribution of Italian artists to Colombia's silent cinema in which Italian filmmakers have had the biggest involvement. The objective of this presentation is to enrich Italy's filmography by introducing all the Italians artists known to date who significantly influenced the foundation of Colombia's national cinema.
Currently, Camilo is conducting research on Colombian silent cinema for his Ph. Ancora oggi, l'attenzione su questa presunta dicotomia rimane non priva di discussioni. We intend migration primarily as the movement of people across national borders, as it is represented in film and media, but also the movement of performers, directors, and scripts across different movie industries. Moreover, the maternal bodies represented on the screen interacted with off-screen images of the divas circulating on the magazines of the time, often represented within domestic and family environments, which contribute to define the social meaning of the stars as "mediated texts" and to narrate specific iconographies of the maternal.
Drawing upon the interdisciplinary theoretical basis of stardom studies and gender studies, this paper seeks to historicize specific discourses on female divismo and transnational motherhood in postwar Italian and Hollywood cinema. She has written widely on film genres and gender representation is postwar Italian cinema and is the author of Ercole, il divo AIEP, She was also co-editor of Italian Motherhood on Screen Palgrave, with Giovanna Faleschini-Lerner and is currently working on motherhood and media representantions.
I argue that these encounters not only illustrate the role played by Italian cinema within current migration discourses in Italy and Europe, but also help us reflect on the posts Southern Italian folk music and dance revival as a promoter of social change through grassroots and locally-engaged efforts. Indeed, the current Southern Italian folk music and dance revival has encouraged a re-thinking of Southern Italian identity from a postcolonial perspective and as part of a larger, Mediterranean identity. Originally from Benin, Ibi had started recording her life in Italy through photography and videography, which allowed her to share her experience of displacement with her children and her mother in Africa, where--as an undocumented immigrant--she could not hope to return without risking permanent deportation.
Photography was also her business--she worked as a wedding and event photographer and videographer within the African communities of Castel Volturno, as well as for the Cultural Center where the Movement for Migrants and Refugees of Caserta met. When she died in , Segre decided to tell her story through her images, thus producing the first film almost entirely based on visual self-narration by a migrant woman.
This paper analyzes both the film techniques and strategies that Segre adopts to integrate archival materials, photos, and other footage and create an innovative and original filmic narration that moves away from more traditional realist—and often objectifying—narratives of female migration. She is currently at work on a book-length project on the Italian cinema of migration. Access to the Internet and social media has been a necessary condition for this growth.
What has that role been? The topic is controversial: should the media give a platform to the ultra-right and, if so, how?
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Or should they ignore it, thus taking the chance of reinforcing the accusation of being elitist and aloof? My research addresses this on-going debate by presenting a comparative and historical analysis of media coverage in the United Kingdom and Italy. It implements quantitative measurements of content analysis as well as qualitative methodologies for in-depth investigation.
In she won a prestigious Marie S. Curie Experienced Fellowship to study ultra-right media and communication at the University of Loughborough, with a Secondment at the Scuola Normale Superiore of Florence. Her publications have appeared on numerous international peer-reviewed journals such as The International Journal of Communication , The Journal of Language and Politics , Discourse and Communication , Television and New Media , among others. This presentation will discuss the role of digital technologies in promoting and marketing the Made in Italy as well as in contrasting the widespread phenomenon of counterfeiting of Italian food known as Italian sounding, which refers to the marketing of food and beverages produced worldwide and labeled with Italian names and misleading words and images.
Patrizia La Trecchia received her Ph. Her research includes film, media, globalization, migration, citizenship, the Italian South, digital food culture, ecocinema, sustainable food movement, food security, and food waste. She is a TED speaker on food waste. Although metoo was born in the United States, women in different places were met with different socio-political responses. Her decision to leave added another layer to the public debate, bringing in the question of migration. Recent allegations of Argento sexually abusing a younger actor further complicate things.
Beginning with Argento and moving to a broader socio-cultural analysis, this paper will look at how the metoo conversation has been deployed in the Italian context, and the uneasy way feminist and nationalist discourses overlap. Her research and publications focus on questions of gender, race, migration, textuality and social activism.
She is a co-founder of the Asterisk taskforce for inclusive pedagogy, and a translator of fiction and journalism; recent pieces include works by Italian authors Dacia Maraini and Laila Wadia, as well as English-language articles about gender and politics in the United States. She is currently translating a text on digital technology and gender, and co-editing a volume on queer Italian media. Risale a questo periodo la fondazione di Camera Woman con altre compagne. Inoltre, con la Kitchenfilm ho aperto dal il filone della distribuzione, ennesima sfida al mercato agonizzante con piccoli gioielli pluripremiati.
Allieva di Vattimo e Rondolino, ha approcciato il tema del cinema sperimentale antenato del docu-fiction attraverso le analisi di Bachtin e Genette. This quality, already pronounced in Corpo celeste , grows exponentially in Le Meraviglie and particularly in Lazzaro felice , where the border between social drama and magical realism becomes blurred, turning the films young protagonists into messianic, redemptive figures, thereby making them symbols of moral resistance. Her research focuses on the relationship between religion and film, Italian cinema, American cinema, films reception and practices of censorship.
Since , she has been acting as peer reviewer for the Journal of Religion and Film and Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. She has collaborated with the British Film Institute and the Barbican introducing screenings of the work of Italian directors. It seems too convenient. My dialectic is no more ternary but binary. There are only irreconcilable positions.
There can be no existence without contradiction, no action without dialectical conflict. There is no synthesis, no self-consciousness, no moving beyond the dialectical opposition because the position is irreconcilable. His work centers on the relationship between avant garde film and video and mass culture. Davi Pessoa C. Autore di Terza sponda: testimonio, traduzione , Dante: poeta di tutta la vita Attualmente sta traducendo il Petrolio , di Pasolini. Maturati entro una stessa cornice teorica, i due interventi si divaricano nel prediligere rispettivamente gli scenari del tragico e quelli del comico.
Her research interests include modern and postmodern Italian literature, critical and theoretical intersections between literature and cinema, and cinematic screenplays as a literary genre. Her publications include I romanzi in vetrina dal barbiere. She became a maternal figure and his artistic muse. With her constantly at his side, I argue, Federico could continue to dream and pursue figuratively and literally the erotic femme fatales. This appears clearly both in films where he directs her La strada , Le notti di Cabiria , Giulietta degli spriti and Ginger and Fred , as well as in those without her.
He started writing down and illustrating his dreams after the encounter with Jungian psychoanalyst Ernst Berhnard. How can we reveal, quantify and interpret the variability we observe in the mortuary record? To what spatial and chronological scale can we relate the most significant differences? Do they represent real historical, geographical, cultural differences? Do they reflect social and economic inequalities? In the last decades, extensive excavations and publications of cemeteries have broadly expanded our knowledge of customs, rituals, demography and social structures of Italian pre- and proto-historic populations.
Beside the traditional approaches, the acquisition of new analytical techniques and their! What we want from this session is to stimulate the dialogue between different methods and sets of data i. Four years of excavation , allowed us to excavate an extension of ca. The archaeological investigation returned a Copper Age village with at least five superimposed phases of frequentation, four of them associated with sepulchral evidences. Inside the limit of the inhabited area, characterized by many remains of different residential structures and functional areas, a total of 18 burials have been brought to light.
The burials contained 19 individuals taking into account a double deposition , for which precise stratigraphic contextualization, C14 dating, anthropological and isotopic dietary analysis are available. Remains related to rituals performed during the depositions have been unearthed inside and outside the burials: two of the dead were accompanied by pottery vessels, while others burials show an association with lithic structures or fireplaces.
The most interesting association, however, is the ritual deposition of different kind of domesticated animals both inside and in the adjacent areas of the tombs. In the last case, the faunal offerings were deposited inside small pits, close to the human graves. These ritual depositions included disarticulated parts or whole carcasses of bovids, ovicaprines and a small amount of suid bones.
Two other pits contained dog burials: two dogs unlike other domesticated animals, were carefully placed inside the grave, in one case along with a rich set of vases. The different treatment of the dogs suggests a peculiar meaning of these kind of burials: maybe they are linked to other symbolic habits, as attested for later periods. The Pantano Borghese burial area could add a meaningful insight on the late prehistoric communities of central Italy: through the study of the individuals represented in the burials, of the mode of deposition mostly fetal and spatial distribution of the graves, and, above all, considering the ritual and votive context of animal offerings, it is possible to partly delineate the funerary behavior of this human group on the threshold of the Bronze Age period.
Patrizia Petitti, Luciana Allegrezza, Claudio Cavazzuti, Anna Maria Conti, Carmine Lubritto, Carlo Persiani The Selvicciola necropolis and the Rinaldone-culture affair: some new hints from interdisciplinary research The two-decades of fieldwork research in the Rinaldone cemetery at Selvicciola have not yet fully expressed its potential of new insights, given the richness of its archaeological, paleo-environmental, and anthropological data set. Such a record is quite uncommon in a region dominated by acid subsoil. Although the analysis of data is still ongoing, some results have been already discussed in several interim reports.
The excavation has been oriented since its onset to an accurate documentation of primary and secondary burials, in order to provide the best reconstruction of the ritual treatments of the dead. The proposed ritual scheme was simple: previous interments were pushed apart to make room for the new ones. The Selvicciola evidence is contrasting this traditional! The integration of archaeological and anthropological data has highlighted much more articulated customs. The accurate mapping of any bone made it possible to detect the distribution of parts of the individuals inside the tombs and distinguish complete and incomplete skeletons.
Thus, interments disturbed inside the graves were differentiated by those transferred there in a more or less complete state. A study of possible inter-grave displacements is one of the goals of the research as well. Calibrated C14 revealed an occupation of the funerary area early in the first half of IV millennium BCE, changing the previous chronological frame of Rinaldone culture. In same cases, burials in the same grave are separated by a long time-span.
For this reason, the Selvicciola research group has recently proposed that all the graves were possible places of funerary acts constantly performed during the entire period of use of the necropolis and that the existence of different corporate groups can be suggested.
Alessandra Varalli, J. Goude The Origin of the Mediterranean Diet: A Multidisciplinary Approach to reconstruct the subsistence strategies in Italy during the Bronze Age Investigations on the origin of the Mediterranean diet have always involved scholars from different research areas, and different methodologies to address this topic have been applied e. Through this paper, the aim is to present new research that contributes to delineating the dietary habits for the Italian peninsula during the last phases of Prehistory. First stable isotope analyses showed that during the Bronze Age, food patterns varied due to the introduction of new crops; our study has been performed to define these dissimilarities in a chronological and geographical dimension.
Thus, stable isotope analyses on bone collagen C, N of ten Bronze Age necropoleis from the peninsula have been carried out. Results including data from previous studies suggest the occurrence of a major change in subsistence strategies, management of local sources and economical activities from the Middle Bronze Age. Isotopic data records a greater variability in dietary patterns and a significant introduction of new cereals in the diet i. C4 plants, millets. Northern Italy, compared to the other regions of the peninsula, seems to be a strategic area as the highest intra and inter-population variability is recorded in this zone.
Integrating anthropological, botanical, zoological and isotopic evidence, we notice that the geographical complexity, the heterogeneity of the environment and climatic oscillations surely influenced human food choices; however, the importance of contacts and cultural exchanges played a significant role in subsistence practices and socio-economical strategies.
Claudio Cavazzuti New bioarchaeological data on Northern Italy Bronze Age urnfields In Northern Italy, the transition from inhumation to cremation is strictly connected to the process of stabilization of settlements and the rise of Terramare culture, during the Middle and the Late Bronze Age. On the one hand, the appearance of large urnfields, including several hundred graves, can be explained with demographic growth and the development of village communities establishing an enduring relationship with the territory, also testified by fortifications and a clear strategy of land management.
On the other hand, the adoption of cremation responds to a macro-trend of change in religion and ideology that involves most of central Europe, and particularly the Danubian-Carpathian basin. Despite the remarkable number of burials, Middle and Late Bronze Age cremation cemeteries have traditionally received less attention by archaeologists and physical anthropologists, because of the fragmented nature of human remains, the overall scarcity of grave goods and the apparent homogeneity of urns and burial structures.
In the last fifteen years, Italian researchers have accepted the scientific challenge of investigating some of the most significant Middle and Late Bronze Age urnfields, such as Casinalbo, Montata di Reggio Emilia, Scalvinetto di Legnago and Narde di Frattesina.
This paper will synthesize the bioarchaeological results collected by almost a thousand of burials analysed from an osteological point view, and recently integrated to archaeological data topography, chronology and grave goods. The aim is to highlight the! Francesca Fulminante Infancy and Urbanization in Central Italy during the Early Iron Age and Beyond A relatively large number of studies have dealt with suggrundaria burials in Early Iron Age Latium vetus, while infancy has received generally less attention in the funerary studies of central Italy. This papers aims to fill in this gap by analysing the representation of infancy in Early Iron Age Latium vetus and comparing the results with other regions of central Italy.
Finally by taking a pan-Mediterranean and European perspective this paper will suggest a new research agenda for the study of infancy and infant feeding in pre- Roman and Roman Italy. Sperduti, B. Gastaldi, I. Faiella, I. Fiore, A. Nava, C. Pellegrino, C. Rizzo, L. Bondioli Changing patterns of infants' funerary rituals in Pontecagnano SA. The contribution of an integrated approach of analysis Pontecagnano is an Etruscan-Samnite and Roman site situated 8 km south-east of Salerno.
The site is best known for its pre-Roman necropoleis, located on the periphery of the inhabited area of the site. These grave-fields have yielded more than ten thousand burials. We aim to present the results of a multidisciplinary analysis of subadult burials from three distinct funerary areas of the Pontecagnano necropolis, dating to the early Iron Age 9th-8th century BC , the Orientalising period, and the Archaic period 7th-first half of the 5th century BC. The study is based on a sample of burials, which have been investigated through archaeological, anthropological, and archaeozoological analyses.
Results depict a plurality of funerary behaviours also derived from the presence of foreign individuals and groups, as well as uncommon and specific funerary gestures. Of particular interest are the ritual offerings of fauna found inside several tombs and the association between animal species and the sex and age of the deceased. Our analyses demonstrate strong diachronic changes in the representation of children. This suggests significant cultural shifts in the inclusion of infant classes into the community's burial-ground.
In conclusion, an interdisciplinary approach can play a key-role in the interpretation of complex phenomena. Here we have demonstrated this by exploring changes in the funerary treatment of infants through time and space, focusing on how this data may reflect different systems of thought. BC to III cent. The possible presence of immigrants is also suggested by the heterogeneous nature of the grave goods and of the funerary rituals. Greek influence in Pithekoussai is further supported by Strabo Geographia V,4,9 , who describes Pithekoussai as the first Greek settlement in Italy.
Indeed, the most outstanding archaeological find is the so called Coppa di Nestore which exhibits the most ancient Greek Euboan inscription currently known bearing four slightly modified lines from the Iliad. Buchner between and The first graves, known as Pithekoussai I, were published by Buchner and Ridgway in Buchner and Ridgway, In , the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Campania promoted the integrated analysis of the second part of the necropolis, Pithekoussai II, with the contribution of T. Cinquantaquattro, B. Gialanella, P.
Guzzo, N. Manzi and C. Initial results confirm the presence of at least 11 individuals born elsewhere, all adults, reinforcing the idea that Pithekoussai was a multi-ethnic community. The French word conveys a broader intellectual concept that still has a great impact in several social sciences for a compilation of studies in several contexts, ancient and modern, see Capanema et al. Gruzinski, we propose to use it to consider the context of ancient South Italy and Sicily.
The issue of concepts and the terms used by archaeological literature is an important one as sometimes there may be a great misunderstanding between different traditions of study. Archaeological literature in English prefers nowadays to use the term and concept of hybridization.
In Italy, scholars have usually preferred to refer to the concept of acculturation though there is a recent movement towards the translation of the English word into ibridazione cf. Atti Taranto Moreover, contacts of populations may be studied through two main perspectives, an ethnic or a cultural one others could be political, diplomatic, military or economic. Thus, in archaeology, one may talk about several types of cultural and ethnic encounters between different populations.
In South-Italian and Sicilian archaeology, one observes a context of encounter of various cultures in the long run, with several native populations, Greek and Punic colonists, Samnite conquerors and Romans. The chronological spectrum is necessarily large, from the 9th century BC to the 1st century AD, as to allow discussion about the superposition of several layers of cultures and peoples.
Our first limitation is geographical: the territory of ancient Magna Graecia and Sicily. Megara Hyblaea could thus appear as a particularly good site to look for archaeological indicia of ethnical and cultural contacts between Greek and Indigenous people in the Archaic Period. To confirm or help inform this hypothesis, and try to define the possible nature of the links between Greek and Indigenous people in Megara Hyblaea and its surroundings, we will examine funerary data in three different ways. Firstly, we will consider the possibility of anthropological indicia for the presence of Indigenous people in the necropolis of the Greek city.
Secondly, we will examine the variations of funerary practices according to the age and sex of the deceased. Thirdly, we will analyze the presence of Indigenous artifacts in the necropolis of the Greek colony and the possible explanations for their presence there. La porzione attualmente edita del sepolcreto consta di oltre deposizioni, la maggioranza delle quali concentrate tra il e il a.
Buchner, Ridgway Grazie agli scavi di Giorgio Buchner si possiedono innumerevoli informazioni in merito alle pratiche funerarie e rituali adottate dai pithecusani, ancora oggi solo in parte oggetto di riflessioni fondate su di una analisi completa e sistematica della documentazione. Ellen Thiermann Le necropoli arcaiche di Capua Nel panorama degli incontri interculturali nella Magna Grecia, la Campania investe un ruolo particolare.
Le necropoli sono in massima parte depredate o scavate senza documentazione adeguata. Nel a. Questo statu quo caratteristico del VI e V sec. Renata Senna Garraffoni Funerary art and munera: gladiators and tombstones at Pompeii The munera gladiatorial combats are deeply linked to the funerary context. Although they have been studied in what regards their economic and political aspects since the 19th century, only in the end of 20th century scholars focused on their cultural and religious aspects.
These new approaches shifted the way the combats were understood material culture became relevant evidence and daily aspects of gladiators lives became in focus. Considering postprocessual and postcolonial theories, the aim of this paper is to focus on Pompeii as a case study and discuss how funerary art, tombstones and graffiti can provide us insights to rethink the combats.
I shall also stress the diversity of identities and ethnical origins of the gladiators who lived and fought in Pompeii, to explore the complex situation the combats were held. This presentation will examine the development and utilization of rock-cut tombs in Western Sicily during the Copper and Bronze Ages circa B. Although these tombs are often the best indicators of variations in the archaeological record, they have been widely looted or excavated unsystematically and are, therefore, largely undervalued in modern archaeological research.
Despite the difficulties with the archaeological record, there is still much we can learn about these sites by adopting a progressive methodology not previously applied to them. This project employs a spatial landscape approach to analyze the location, utilization, and relationships between rock-cut tomb sites and their physical and socio-cultural landscapes.
By integrating data from previous studies and new field surveys, it has been possible to identify a number of key components in tomb placement and utilization over time, including topographic location, tomb visibility, tomb access and the spatial relationships between tombs, settlements, and other archaeological sites. Enrico Giannitrapani The making of sacred and funerary landscapes in central Sicily between the 6th and the 1st millennium BC The Erei uplands is a hilly area located in the eastern part of inner Sicily.
This area has been the focus in the last decade of new scientific interest, as evidenced by a growing number of research projects. Current research is thus producing a large amount of new data concerning the settlement patterns, the material aspects and the social structures of those communities that occupied the area from the Neolithic to the Iron Age. So far the research has been concentrated on three major themes: the exploitation of the natural resources and raw materials widely available in the area 1 ; these have provided the material basis for the development of complex modes of production and household dynamics 2 ; a key role has been also played by the making of active sacred and funerary landscapes 3.
Also the Riparo di Contrada S. The inquired area is mapped in the central-northern part of Table 1: Through an intensive survey it was possible to proceed to the census of the identified tombs. An architectural survey was performed for the accessible ones. All the tombs, at a superficial level, have no grave goods and nor human remains. It is known that the rock-cut chamber tombs of the Bronze Age have usually been reused several times during the centuries, particularly with the advent and the affirmation of the Christian religion, where they were used as dwelling places or worship by the hermits of yore; in fact, the surveyed tombs shown alterations related to a probable re-use, especially in recent centuries, that modified the original shapes.
The presence of several small niches near or along the road that leads to the chamber tombs investigated need to be highlighted; actually, the analysis of the position and probable function of the niches have opened up new hypotheses regarding the use of the tombs and the surrounding areas over the millennia. In order to create a database to support information about the tombs, all man- made cavities have been georeferenced. Davide Tanasi Discovering Sofia: forensic facial reconstruction of a woman from Copper Age Sicily This contribution deals with an interdisciplinary scientific project promoted by Arcadia University focusing on the extraordinary discovery of very well preserved skeletal remains at the Copper Age end of 5th- first half of 4th century BC necropolis of Scintilia Agrigento unveiled by the archaeologists of the Soprintendenza di Agrigento.
The project has been structured in three main tracks, DNA extraction from skeletal remains, forensic facial reconstruction of the best-preserved skull, and production of a minute documentary in 3D computer animation to divulge the results of the excavation to a large public. The isolation, purification, and analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial ancient DNA aDNA , although increasingly more common, can be technically challenging due to a number of factors including highly degraded DNA from poorly preserved samples, presence of factors that inhibit polymerase chain reaction PCR , and contamination with modern DNA, among other factors.
In this study, we sought to analyse aDNA from bone and tooth samples of 9 individuals found in the Scintilia tombs in Sicily. We used adapted protocols from the current literature that have addressed these challenges in order to maximize the likelihood of success in obtaining pure samples for DNA analysis. The forensic facial reconstruction has been attempted for the individual 2 of the tomb 4, a young woman, nicknamed Sofia. The starting phase of the research consisted in a CAT exam of the skull of Sofia in order to obtain as many high-resolution CAT slice images as possible.
Subsequently the digital data have been elaborate with the software Invesalius 3. O to create the 3D model of the skull itself. On that replica an Arcadia University forensic sculptor has worked in order to recreate approximately the original facial traits of Sofia.
As excavation is a destructive process, for certain complex stratigraphic deposits simple photographic and! The result of the effort to present complex sites to international public is the emergence of distinctive physical form in which visitor centres, 3D theatre and multimedia installations are often central elements. In particular, the use of virtual archaeology solutions, as interactive applications and 3D reconstructions, is becoming crucial for its ability to convey archaeological and ethnographic information into a product aimed to intellectual comprehension and sensory enjoyment.
Furthermore scenes with real actors playing on green screen have been shot in order to portray life and habits of the ancient people who buried their dead at Scintilia. Such an ensemble of sciences as, microbiology, forensics sciences and computer graphics, have never been applied simultaneously before to any other archaeological case study of ancient Sicily. The research conducted on the rock- cut chamber tombs necropolis unveiled an unprecedented plurality of grave forms and types of external decoration within single cemetery, as well as the presence of rock-cut implements facilitating access to diverse tombs.
In close vicinity to the upper part of that necropolis a hut of considerable size ca. The vast necropolis, located in Cava Ispica gorge, ca. It consists of ninety-one chamber tombs clustered in several groups. A repeatable co-existence of chosen elements within the multileveled cemetery of Calicantone suggests a well organized funerary area with internal structure carefully planned and a system of tombs differentiation articulated by their location and set of external architectonic features. The soundings in the nearby of the necropolis unveiled traces of a hut, in use in the final stage of the Sicilian EBA ca.
Until now it is the only known Sicilian building placed on the border of a funerary area and it yielded a large amount of finds, including both cult and luxury objects and with more mundane ones, such as stone tools and weaving implements. A large amount of pottery has been found round 80 vases including small and middle sized vases, and many large clay containers pithoi, dolia.
The presence of rock-cut channels and a large rectangular clay basin points to a special or specialized function of the space. Surprisingly the debris also covered at least 8 individuals both male and female, adults and juveniles. While some of them were clearly killed by the event that destroyed the hut, one was apparently not a victim of the sudden destruction: the suggestion must be made that this body was placed in the hut before the violent end of the building and was probably being prepared for burial.
Taking into! Brown, Craig Alexander, Italo M. Muntoni In the past few decades new research areas in archaeological science have emerged which have made a great impact on our understanding of prehistory. Amongst the methods that have made a considerable impact are the study of ancient biomolecules, isotopic studies, spectrometry including pXRF for provenancing of obsidian and ceramics, and the use of Bayesian statistical models in the context of developing a more detailed understanding of chronology, even at quite a fine-grained level.
In this session we focus on how the methods of archaeological science are being used in the Italian Neolithic, with a special emphasis on the Southern Italian Neolithic: a panorama of scientific methods is being applied by Italian, British and American researchers. The south is particularly important as it has the earliest radiocarbon dates for farming and a dense agricultural settlement pattern, making it a crucial area for studying the introduction and spread of agriculture in both Italy itself and in the Western Mediterranean more generally.
Italo M. Muntoni, Milena Primavera, Giorlamo Fiorentino Early farmers in the Apulia region south-east Italy : a multidisciplinary approach for the history of interaction between climate, environment and crops This study is focused on the history of the interaction between early farmers, their environment and climate changes during the Neolithic period VII-IV millennium BC in Apulia region South-eastern Italy. Using a multidisciplinary approach, the results of palaeobotanical analyses pollen and aquatic plant remains performed on natural archives two coastal sediment cores located in Apulia and on archaeological deposits 35 Neolithic settlements in the region , have been compared with data collected by paleoenvironmental and paleoclimate sequences from the Mediterranean two marine cores from Adriatic.
What emerges from the different lines of evidences explored is that the two dry phases one between and BC and a second that peaked c. Craig Alexander, Italo M. In the current paper, the authors build on those contributions, considering radiocarbon determinations not included therein, expanding the geographical frame of reference while also moving towards a more explicitly spatial understanding of the data within a GIS framework, emphasising natural communication routes through the territory.
The data presented will be the most up-to-date possible and analysis will incorporate approaches taken elsewhere including Bayliss et al. Terry Brown It takes two to tango: using crop genetics to study the Neolithic of southern Italy The Neolithic is conventionally viewed as a phase in human cultural and technological evolution. But the key feature of the Neolithic — the development of sustainable agriculture — required much more than human agency.
Prior to their domestication, wild barley and wheat had undergone millions of years of evolution in southwest Asia, resulting in species that were exquisitely adapted to the environmental conditions of the Fertile Crescent. During the Neolithic these plants were uprooted and transported across Europe, where they were forced to grow in conditions greatly different to those in their homeland.
So from the perspective of the crop plants, the spread of agriculture was a period of rapid, enforced climate change. The genetic adaptations needed to allow crop plants to be productive in their new environments would have taken time to evolve, influencing the rate at which sustainable agriculture could be established in different parts of Europe. The impact would have been greater in northern Europe, but might also have been a factor in the development of agriculture in the Mediterranean regions.
We are using genetic analysis of wheat and barley to assess the nature of the evolutionary adaptations that were required in order for these crops to grow productively in the environmental conditions pertaining in Italy during the Neolithic period. Initial results suggest that the differences in the environmental conditions throughout the Italian peninsula were such that sustainable agriculture would initially have been possible only in southern Italy.
This conclusion agrees with our previous research, in which we used genetic analysis to trace the origin of Italian agriculture to northern Puglia. Our results therefore suggest that agriculture began in southern Italy, not just because of human preference, but also because the environmental conditions in this region were more conducive to growth of the crops available to the first farmers. Keri A. Brown, Craig Alexander, Kyle P.
Freund, Italo M. Muntoni, Robert H. Tykot Pots and People of the Neolithic Tavoliere: insights into ceramic production and exchange from pXRF analysis The Tavoliere plain in Puglia, SE Italy, saw agricultural settlement a little more than 8, years ago: almost certainly the earliest Neolithic in Italy. Our aim was to identify the clay sources used in the manufacture of Neolithic pottery from settlement sites in the Tavoliere, very probably the region that saw the introduction of agriculture into Italy. Over Neolithic c.
Amongst our questions: was the manufacture of pottery under the control of a few sites or did every site or group of sites have its own local industry? How widely did ceramics circulate during the Neolithic of the Tavoliere? Was the production of finewares a centralised or a dispersed activity?
How far are the clay sources from the sites at which ceramics made from that clay were found? Over sherds have been analysed, photographed and recorded and the resulting data have been integrated in a GIS environment. These data can be statistically analysed to show which clay sources were being used at particular sites, and whether ceramics made with particular clays can be found at some distance from their source.
Discriminant function analysis of the riverine clay sources has allowed the identification of the likely clay sources for more than of the ceramic samples. Together with typological data in the GIS these source identifications have allowed us to use network analytic techniques to begin to identify sourcing and exchange structures. We can also show that sites have ceramics made from a number of clay sources that are not local. Mary Anne Tafuri, Paul D. Fullagar, Tamsin C.
Data obtained from dental enamel reflected the local origin of the individuals and allowed us to differentiate function and meaning of the sites examined. We interpret this as the evidence of the ritual use of the cave, which implied the gathering of people of different origin. The relative variation of the Sr signature among individuals, either inter- or intra-site can be tentatively associated with mobility during life as well as with social practices, such as access to foods from geologically different environments.
Session 2B Technology and Science in Italian Archaeology Carmen Soria GIS applications in the valorization of the cultural heritage: the case of Campovalano Central Italy, TE and its territory The aim of this paper is to promote GIS applications, not only for research, but also in the promotion and support of cultural heritage, as well as in planning the fruition of monuments in their local, environmental and, historical contexts. The site, which has been chosen as a sample case, is located in the territory of Teramo ancient Interamna , the northernmost province of Abruzzo, in Central Adriatic Italy.
It is a quite well known site for a very large and rich necropolis: six hundred burial tombs have been found here, dating from Late Bronze Age to the Roman conquest. For long time the emphasis in this territory has been given mainly to the necropolis, however the whole area of Campovalano is rich in history and monuments from to the XIIth century BC to XVIIth century AD and contextualized within a well-preserved natural and environmental context. Therefore, the use of GIS tools, in combination with crossing-referencing data from survey and historical sources, represents a resource in planning the cultural and the tourist paths, as well as in monitoring the preservation of the monuments and the natural resources of this territory.
Thus, the first step is the location of sites presenting some interest, for archaeological, historical, anthropological reasons, with the creation of a database, containing main fields as location, description, typology, dating , but also wider information about the context local fairs, traditions, culinary features, products, natural tracks , which can be interesting for a sustainable touristic exploitation of the local resources. The second! The third and last step, is the realization of a multilayer GIS not only for visualizing the data, but also for planning the proper use and promotion of the resources.
In this way, the GIS and the landscape archaeology can represent useful tools for the study, the knowledge, the monitoring and the promotion of cultural heritage, not only focusing archaeological monuments and sites, but also including mobile and intangible heritage. Our work is therefore a comprehensive survey of landscape archaeology, recovery of historical memory, anthropological analysis, funerary art and a philosophical study.
With this elaborate research we have tried to give voice to the valuable historical memory now close to disappear and to this important historical period, in one of the most significant area in the Italian resistance movement. The potential of Attic materials increases when they come from closed context; an emblematic case study is the necropolis of ancient Gela, excavated in stages between the end of 19th century and beginning of 20th century.
The recent review of the data, subject of a PhD project, left by Paolo Orsi, forced us to approach the broad debate on attributionism, a debate that is articulated and lively. The study of the Late-Archaic necropolis of Gela was accompanied by a focus on the graphic rendering of the figurative part for the pots of new attribution; these will be a real acquisition for the debate on Attic pottery only if they are really usable in all their scientific potential.
For this purpose here we suggest a new approach to the Attic figured material: the 3D modelling or photo scanning 3D. This relief system transforms digital images in 3D models faithful to the original, without the deformations related to the manual drawing. The product is a highly versatile model with broad scientific potential.
This technique also enables the reproduction of any figurative elements on a two-dimensional layer, creating clear and high quality images. This 3D modelling system is proving a powerful tool in the production of quality images for further processing and thus overcoming the intrinsic limitations of currently available documentation. But how suited are these techniques to analyze the past? This study examines the efficacy and challenges of using this common commercial technology with archaeological data by analyzing the relationships between the find- spot and vase attributes shape, painted image, and production date of 41, Athenian Red-Figured vases catalogued in the Beazley Archives Online Pottery Database.
The paper first provides an overview of data mining including its familiar uses in everyday setting and how its exploratory nature simultaneously relies on and differs from traditional statistics. Next the nature of archeological data and its suitability to these! In other, more interesting cases, unexpected relationships are identified. In conclusion specific results are generalized to discuss the immediate utility of data mining as an analytical tool and the potential to leverage it to predicating the find-spot of artifacts that lack secure provenances.
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Gastaldi, G. Melandri e M. This custom is attested at sites throughout Rome and Latium as early as the 9th century BCE, and is generally understood to be a hallmark of urban development. Conversely, the appearance of burials within cities is thought to be a sign of crisis and urban decay. There is a growing body of! Recent excavations conducted by the University of Michigan at the site of ancient Gabii, a Latin city just east of Rome, have made contributions to this data. In and , three rock-cut tombs were discovered within the urban area along the northern limits of an archaic stone building.
The tombs consist of deep trenches cut into the bedrock tuff with niches carved on multiple sides to accommodate inhumation burials. Two of the tombs are a variant of the chamber tomb, while the third held a monolithic tuff sarcophagus. The tombs were constructed in the late sixth to mid-fifth century BCE, following the abandonment or destruction of the archaic building. Characteristic of burials of this period and region, the tombs contain no grave goods, save a few items of personal dress. Following the use of the area as a burial ground, this sector of the site was never substantially reoccupied.
This stands in marked contrast to the remaining areas under investigation. In the late fifth to early fourth century BCE, Gabii was reorganized according to an orthogonal grid which divided the urban area into city blocks. While the archaic sector was incorporated into this new plan, it was never developed; adjacent blocks, however, have revealed evidence of public and private architecture from the Middle Republican period onward, attesting to the continued growth of the site. The inclusion of the archaic building and burials into the new city points to the significance of these structures in later periods, perhaps as markers of distinction or designations of polluted space.
This evidence prompts a reappraisal of the role of intramural burial in urban development which complicates the conventional interpretation of this phenomenon as a sign of decay and de-urbanization. Anna Maria Desiderio, Tatiana Grimaldi, Carmelo Rizzo Material culture and ethnic identity: some case studies from Pontecagnano during the Orientalising period This paper aims to examine the complex funerary representation strategies, regulated by ethnic-social factors, adopted in some unpublished sepulchral units of Pontecagnano during the Orientalising period last quarter of the eighth to the first quarter of the sixth century BC.
The well-documented material culture allows us to analyse the funerary documentation in a system perspective, which integrates topographical, type-chronological, ritual and ideological aspects. On the other hand, the site provides a privileged observation point on cultural contact, mobility and integration issues, which are to the fore in the anthropological and archaeological international debate. During the Orientalising period, within a reorganisation process of Pontecagnano and its territory, we can detect in the urban cemeteries a widespread presence of individuals or entire groups who show strong connection with external milieux.
For instance, the integration within a sector of the eastern necropolis of an extended group coming from the Hirpinian centres of Oliveto Citra- Cairano culture can fit in this framework, as stressed by M. Under these premises, this paper aims to examine the incidence of these phenomena in the western cemetery of Pontecagnano, focusing particularly on the inclusion forms and the representation strategies adopted by such components.
The incidence of specific markers in funerary costumes and pottery, like, for instance, a typical impasto pottery production, will be considered in relation to ritual and spatial organisation. The contribution raises, finally, important methodological issues related to cultural contact processes and to the problematic relationship between ethnicity and material culture, of which we enhance the active role in identity construction and representation, also of an ethnic kind.
Bergonzi e P. Cantilena per la Campania, A. Muggia per Spina. Testimonianze di aes rude in tomba giungono, a partire dal VI secolo a. Le tombe con aes rude di Pontecagnano si collocano in un arco cronologico compreso tra il VI e il IV secolo a. Sarah Willemsen, Tanja van Loon Sumptuary legislation and ideological change: A study of the developments in the ritual practice of 7th and 6th century Latium Vetus State formation and urbanisation are among the most important and most studied developments of 7th and 6th century BC Latium Vetus Central Italy , especially in reference to the rise of the city of Rome.
However, significantly less attention has been paid to the changes can observed at burial sites and at cult places in the same period. Formal burial involving gift giving came to an almost full stop at the end of the 7th century BC, while the number of votive gifts increased in the cult places during the same period.
The strong decrease in funerary wealth on many burial grounds in Latium Vetus at the end of the 7th century has generally been explained as the result of the issue of sumptuary legislation. This legislation would have been aimed at curbing excessive display of wealth and is recorded on the tenth of the Twelve Tables. The contemporaneous increase of votive gifts and the rise of building activity in the settlement area resulting in private dwellings and public temple buildings are often regarded as an indication that elite families had shifted their investment away from the funerary realm towards the urban domain, where they could express and affirm their status more effectively.
Both these theories are unfortunately largely based on general observations of the archaeological evidence and on the piecemeal historical accounts referring to this period. An in depth analysis of the often fragmentary and dispersed archaeological evidence of ritual practice is called for. In the present paper we will therefore zoom in on two archaeological contexts, which will provide us with detailed information on the way the ritual practice changed during the end of the 7th and beginning of the 6th century; the first is the Monte Del Bufalo burial ground of Crustumerium dating between the 8th and the 6th centuries BC, the second the Laghetto del Monsignore cult place near Satricum, which was in use from the 10th until the 5th century BC.
The in-depth analysis of the archaeological evidence that will be presented in this paper will show that the changes in the burial customs! Francesca Mermati Ranking, power and social identity in the Orientalizing indigenous cemeteries of the Sarno Valley, Campania In the mid-eighth century B. This mixed group of people needs from the beginning to communicate with the previous inhabitants of the area, particularly the indigenous of the so-called Fossakultur.
In particular, the area of the Sarno Valley becomes a point of passage and exchange between the Phlegraean cities and the Etruscan area. The easy access to luxury goods from all over the Mediterranean and spread by newcomers leads to substantial changes in the internal organization of local communities.
This clearly appears among the grave kits of the Valley - about - which cover a period between the second half of the eighth century BC and the late sixth. The tombs of the first phase, from the second half of the ninth until the first quarter of the eighth century BC, do not show a disposition for family groups, and allow a glimpse of a fairly egalitarian society, focused on the role of the adult, with a tribal organization. The status of the deceased is emphasized by the composition of the furniture, and the choice of some objects than others.
But around the BC the situation changes radically. Disappears from the ritual the qualitative logic regulating the relations of opposition. Now a quantitative logic appears. The object, which was first chosen to indicate a particular message, is now repeated endlessly, to stress the social prestige of the dead man, and probably its economic power. In this new system, however, is possible to notice an interesting variability in composition of grave furniture, certainly based on the different roles that the buried hold within the group. So we can distinguish between very rich kits, in which we find indicators of the activities of the deceased during the life - items related to weaving for women, weapons and tools for men - and kits more related to tradition, simpler but characterized by objects carrying a high symbolic value, such as the razor and the sword.
This phenomenon reaches its peak in the Orientalizing phase, between the end of the eighth century BC and the middle of the seventh. The richness and complexity of the Sarno Valley cemeteries in this period permits therefore a privileged point of view for understanding the Greek colonial phenomenon in this area and its impact on local populations.
Session 2D Settlement and Society in South Etruria Albert Nijboer Diversity in death; differences in burial ritual as recorded in central Italy, BC The archaeology of death in pre-Roman Italy frequently focuses on important general issues such as social stratification, gender roles and ancestor cult. This variability is also reflected in the funerary record and reveals differences between main centres in each of the four above-mentioned regions. For example, the wealth as deposited in tombs fluctuated considerably per centre and period as if status differences were less expressed in some settlements than in others.
Local choices in funerary ritual and even per clan, are examined in this paper as much as possible. It will address, for example, the structural presence of elaborate warrior tombs in Etruria during the 8th century BC while they hardly occur in Latium Vetus and the other regions. It also addresses the issue of child burials. The point of departure will be our excavations at Crustumerium www. Research for this project, funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, was focused on the archaeology of the settlement, its burial grounds as well as the surrounding countryside and entailed both invasive and non-invasive methods as well as material cultural studies.
The holistic approach has led to new insights in aspects of life and death at Crustumerium and the relationship of the settlement with expanding Rome. This year an international exhibition will be dedicated to Crustumerium at Copenhagen Glyptotek and Amsterdam Allard Pierson Museum in which the new data will be incorporated for a larger audience. The paper aims to provide an examination and critical analysis of the funerary assemblages dating back to the!
The available data consists of a few hundred depositions sharing a strong common basis in the material culture. There is a gradation in the hierarchy of the tombs, with the more articulated contexts highest; the exponential increase in the complexity and wealth of the sets corresponds to an equal decrease in the number of burials. In contrast, the rank of the aristocrats, both men and women, was emphasized by the preeminent architectural features and by other symbols of power i.
The lavish funerary set found in an aristocratic tomb is a symbolic construction that combines refined objects bearing different and complementary specific messages. Among these aristocratic references, memory and identity are very important, as they constitute the ideological basis of aristocratic power. It is no coincidence that in Etruria, as in the Orient and in Greece, there are items among the grave sets dating back from a generation earlier than the actual tomb. These are explicit references to the practice of ancestor worship and family continuity.
Strongly linked to this aspect is the appearance of the earliest monumental statuary the Tomb of the Statues and the Tomb of the Five Chairs. The social fabric at Caere during the Orientalizing period is demonstrated well by the funerary evidence, as constituted by both the luxurious but numerically limited aristocratic burials and the less wealthy but more numerous graves of lower status.
Unfortunately, while the documentation gives interesting information about the stratification of Caeretan society, it says little about the real demographic extent of the city. In fact, compared with the Iron Age evidence, the total number of Orientalizing burials is very low. The funerary evidence at Caere for subordinate social classes slaves, servants, workers, immigrants is completely lacking, and the archaeological substantiation of gender and children is largely absent. In few cases, the archaeological evidence of potential outsiders could be recognized in tombs displaying non-local characteristics.
These paintings are some of the most expressive remains of Etruscan art and culture. They allow for the investigation of otherwise undetectable elements of everyday Etruscan life, and thus their special significance lies not only in their splendid colours and rich iconography, but also in the valuable information they provide about Etruscan society, religion, death, taste and, most intriguingly, their dress. It is used to shape and communicate identity, facilitate interaction, negotiate difference, and to create or traverse sociological boundaries.
The active process of adorning the body draws from a shared linguistic repertoire that can be used to communicate, or to conceal, a whole host of socio-cultural identities, such as age, personhood, class, ethnicity, sex, gender, or social status. This paper will demonstrate the fashionological and linguistic theories, as well as the statistical methods, which can be deployed to examine the communicative potential of the clothing and adornment depicted within the tomb paintings of Tarquinia. It will innovatively investigate their pictorial forms and language of dress, what might be called their style or fashion, or a lack thereof, and will explore how the new data produced by such an approach can re-tailor our understanding of Tarquinia, its tombs, and its tomb paintings throughout the Archaic and Classical periods of ancient Italy.
The site is located on the northern part of La Civita, plateau where stood the Etruscan city of Tarquinia. Tomba UniMI1, dated to the 6th century BC, consisted of two chambers obtained by excavating through the bedrock. The stratigraphic conditions! However, the nature of the findings allowed archaeologists to identify the grave goods accompanying the deceased; the analysis of animal bones contributed to this process.
Indeed, the zooarchaeological analysis highlighted the recurrence of the same specific animal remains in both chambers. Two dogs and one young goat, of same age and size, were found in each chamber, as well as fragments of turtle shells; the green colour of these latter was likely the consequence of contact with some bronze objects, which could not be found in the tomb. Also, the presence of a pig foetus is remarkable, since it represents a typical sacrifice of Etruscan rituals.
Reconsidering gender identies in Archaic Etruria This paper will consider aspects of gendered identities in central Italy during the Archaic Period. Greco- Roman writers occasionally commented upon the apparent power and freedom of Etruscan women; this consequently has become a topic of much debate in scholarship, especially owing to the high visibility of women in Etruscan art, and the elaborate burials afforded to some of them. Here I want to focus on the artistic representations of men and women in Etruscan art, especially the contexts in which these images appear, and what this might tell us about the idealization and memorialization of specific gendered roles and identities in Etruscan society and culture.
I will base my analysis on three main sets of evidence, the tomb-paintings from Tarquinia, Chiusine cippus reliefs, and architectural terracotta reliefs. Andrew Carroll A sign of the times: updating the outdoor wayside panels of Tarquinia The tourist often enters the landscape of archaeology and history with a partial understanding of the cultural implications of the artefacts and ruins found there. These visitors of tombs, temples, and other treasures are greeted only with silent signs or accompanied by quiet tour books to help them understand the ruins and dirt before them.
A tourist's reception of these sites can have a great impact on the future of archaeological research. Every year hordes of tourists flock to different historical sites to find famous tombstones, view cultural artwork, or simply because a guidebook claims it is not to be missed. The signs present, or not, at the site are some of the only means of communication between the visitor and the academics advancing the field. This makes the signs and exhibits there all the more important for explaining ideas and theories in a digestible manner. This paper will look at the signs at one major Etruscan cultural site, the Necropoli dei Monterozzi of Tarquinia, and examine the peaks and pitfalls of them.
It will then go on to describe ways these signs could be improved to generate greater access to the knowledge about the site for the tourist. The present study has focused its attention on red impasto ollae, Caeretan cylinder-stamped braziers, pithoi as an interrelated system of iconographic support, functions and meanings.
In fact the symbolic feature of Orientalizing bestiary and iconography, the association of artefacts, the provenance contexts conveys a lot of signs which indicate a specific and close connection among infernal environment, afterlife beliefs and ritualized practices of drinking and eating in Etruria. Bringing these perspectives together, this session explores the value of applying a multisensory approach to the archaeology of Mediterranean landscapes and locales within them. It will examine the extent to which the senses played a central role within distinctive cultural, social, political and economic activities, with the aim of increasing our understanding of how people identified and interacted with their environment as they moved within it.
In particular, the speakers will ask how we might develop and apply methodologies for recreating experiences of prehistoric, protostoric and Archaic ritual landscapes, as well as the activities, behaviours and meanings associated with them, with attention given to how sensory archaeologies may combine or conflict with traditional fieldwork methods. Consideration will be given to the impact sensory stimuli had on the perceptions and experiences of those who lived in particular regions of Italy and the surrounding islands, and the extent to which an attempt to recapture sensory data and reconstruct, or re-imagine, sensory experiences alters our perceptions of these places.
Sue Hamilton and Ruth Whitehouse Prehistoric pilgrimage: the road to Grotta Scaloria The cult cave of Grotta Scaloria is situated close to the Adriatic coast on the low limestone plateau that forms the southern foothills of the Gargano promontory. Located on the edge of the area occupied by the well-known ditched settlements of the Tavoliere plain, it forms part of the same Neolithic world, dated by radiocarbon to the 6th millennium cal.