Plato and the Stoics

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Also, the faculty of memory was understood both by Plato and by the Stoics as the treasury or storehouse of impressions.

Nature and scope of Stoicism

Category: Philosophical theories Plato and Stoicism. Author: Katerina Ierodiakonou.

Ancient Stoicism

See also. Parmenides and Heraclitus Parmenides and Heraclitus, the most important Presocratic Epinomis Epinomis is the dialogue putatively concluding the Laws. The purpose of this trap is, according to B. As to Letter 65, concerned with the issue of causality, B. The last chapter is another very good article, by T. Although one can find many positive references in Epictetus and Marcus to the contemplative life, B.

Marcus Aurelius-Best Lecture on Stoicism EVER! (full Virtual University lesson)

We should not, however, ignore also some objective points of convergence. The main differences between the Stoic approach to contemplation lies in its object and purpose. As to its purpose, B. Finally, B. The apostle Paul met with Stoics during his stay in Athens, reported in Acts — In his letters , Paul reflected heavily from his knowledge of Stoic philosophy, using Stoic terms and metaphors to assist his new Gentile converts in their understanding of Christianity.

Ambrose , Marcus Minucius Felix , and Tertullian. The Fathers of the Church regarded Stoicism as a "pagan philosophy"; [46] [47] nonetheless, early Christian writers employed some of the central philosophical concepts of Stoicism. Examples include the terms "logos", " virtue ", " Spirit ", and " conscience ".

Both Stoicism and Christianity assert an inner freedom in the face of the external world, a belief in human kinship with Nature or God, a sense of the innate depravity—or "persistent evil"—of humankind, [22] and the futility and temporary nature of worldly possessions and attachments. Both encourage Ascesis with respect to the passions and inferior emotions such as lust, and envy, so that the higher possibilities of one's humanity can be awakened and developed. Stoic writings such as Meditations by Marcus Aurelius have been highly regarded by many Christians throughout the centuries.

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Middle and Roman Stoics taught that sex is just within marriage, for unitive and procreative purposes only. Saint Ambrose of Milan was known for applying Stoic philosophy to his theology. The word "stoic" commonly refers to someone indifferent to pain, pleasure, grief, or joy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. School of Hellenistic Greek philosophy. Main article: Stoic logic. Main article: Stoic categories. Main article: Stoic physics. See also: De Mundo. Main article: Adiaphora. See also: Eudaimonia. See also: Neostoicism.

Main article: List of Stoic philosophers. Stoicism , , p. A New Stoicism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

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Stoicism and the Art of Happiness. Great Britain: John Murray. Kant's Theory of Emotion: Emotional Universalism. Palgrave Macmillan US. The Spiritual Teachings of Marcus Aurelius. A History of Western Philosophy, p. A History of Western Philosophy , p. These Were the Greeks.

Chester Springs: Dufour Editions. A History of Western Ethics. New York: Routledge. Long, Hellenistic Philosophy , p. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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Lives of eminent philosophers. Backgrounds of Early Christianity. Eerdmans Publishing. For Chrysippus there are no universal entities, whether they be conceived as substantial Platonic Forms or in some other manner. Stoicism and Emotion.

Is There a Connection Between The Jedi and The Stoics? Professor William O. Stephens Has The Answer

Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Retrieved 29 January Epictetus' Handbook and the Tablet of Cebes. Marietta, , Introduction to ancient philosophy , pp. The Classical Quarterly. Oxford Blackwells, pp. Paris, Fayard, pp. Paris, 2nd ed.

Stoicism | Definition, History, & Influence |

Reflective Practice. London: Karnac. London: Penguin Books. Retrieved 1 March Histories, 2.

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Craig ed. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 18 October Build The Fire.


Retrieved 22 June Retrieved 2 September Stoicism categories logic passions physics Neostoicism Modern Stoicism. Discourses Enchiridion. Ancient Greek schools of philosophy. Cyrenaics Eretrian school Megarian school Peripateticism Platonism. Schools of thought. Mazdakism Zoroastrianism Zurvanism. Christian Scholasticism Thomism Renaissance humanism.