Die Sozialisation des Kindes nach Parsons (German Edition)

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Educational achievement of second-generation immigrants: An international comparison. Economic Policy — Internal migration and fertility in Turkey: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. International Journal of Population Research Article ID Esser, Hartmut. Assimilation, ethnische Schichtung oder selektive Akkulturation?

Neuere Theorien der Eingliederung von Migranten und das Modell der intergenerationalen. Fick, Patrick. Frank, Reanne, and Patrick Heuveline. A crossover in Mexican and Mexican-American fertility rates: Evidence and explanations for an emerging paradox. Garssen, Joop, and Han Nicolaas. Fertility of Turkish and Moroccan women in the Netherlands: Adjustment to native level within one generation. Goode, William J. The family. Gordon, Milton Myron. Assimilation in American life: The role of race, religion, and national origins.

New York: Oxford University Press. Granato, Nadia, and Frank Kalter. Die Persistenz ethnischer Ungleichheit auf dem deutschen Arbeitsmarkt. Biografische Drift und zweite Chance. Sonderheft — Gustafsson, Siv. Optimal age at motherhood. Theoretical and empirical considerations on postponement of maternity in Europe.


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Journal of Population Economics — Muslimisches Leben in Deutschland. Heckmann, Friedrich. From ethnic nation to universalistic immigrant integration: Germany. In The integration of immigrants in European societies: National differences and trends of convergence , eds. Friedrich Heckmann and Dominique Schnapper, Integration and integration policies.

Bamberg: European Forum for Migration Studies. Hervitz, Hugo M. Selectivity adaptation or disruption? A comparison of alternative hypotheses on the effects of migration on fertility: The case of Brazil. Hoffman, Lois W. The value of children to parents. In Psychological perspectives on population , ed.

Fawcett, New York: Basis Books. Holland, Jennifer A. De Valk. Ideal ages for family formation among immigrants in Europe. Advances in Life Course Research — Hotz, V. The economics of fertility in developed countries. In Handbook of population and family economics , eds. Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, Amsterdam: Elsevier. Familie und Partnerschaft in Ost- und Westdeutschland. Leverkusen: Verlag Barbara Budrich. Kagitcibasi, Cigdem, and Bilge Ataca. Value of children and family change: A Three-decade portrait from Turkey. Applied Psychology — Kahn, Joan R. Immigrant selectivity and fertility adaptation in the United States.

Kalter, Frank. Stand und Perspektiven der Migrationssoziologie. In Soziologische Forschung. Stand und Perspektiven , eds. Kavas, Serap, and Arland Thornton. Adjustment and hybridity in Turkish family change: Perspectives from developmental idealism. Journal of Family History — Konietzka, Dirk, and Holger Seibert. Eine vergleichende Analyse der Berufseinstiegskohorten in Westdeutschland.

Krapf, Sandra, and Michaela Kreyenfeld. Kreyenfeld, Michaela. Time squeeze, partner effect or self-selection? An investigation into the positive effect of women's education on second birth risks in West Germany. Kreyenfeld, Michaela, and Dirk Konietzka. Education and fertility in Germany.


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  • In Demographic change in Germany. The economic and fiscal consequences , eds. Berlin: Springer. Kulu, Hill. Migration and fertility: Competing hypotheses re-examined. European Journal of Population — Family dynamics among immigrants and their descendants in Europe: Current research and opportunities. The multifaceted impact of education on entry into motherhood. Lesthaeghe, Ron.

    The second demographic transition: An interpretation. In G ender and family change in industrialized countries , eds. Karen Mason and An-Magritt Jensen, Oxford: Clarendon Press. Lesthaeghe, Ron, and Johan Surkyn. Cultural dynamics and economic theories of fertility change. Population and Development Review — The costs of raising children and the effectiveness of policies to support parenthood in European countries: A Literature Review.

    Brussels: European Commision. Lindstrom, David P. The short-and long-term effects of US migration experience on Mexican women's fertility. The interrelationship of fertility, family maintenance and Mexico-U. This is also the focus of her numerous art installations that have been shown in museums throughout Germany. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, for example, was less interested in exploring the anatomy of the female body.

    The only source of his inspiration was his male sense of eroticism. His main research fields are empirical sociology of arts and culture, organizational sociology arts institutions , cultural communication outreach by museums and urban sociology and the arts. His special empirical interests are focused on interfaces of culture, cities and sustainability, museum visitor research, cultural consumption, network research, and effects of arts and artists on urban development.

    Abstract: together with Robert Peper Power and Potential of Artistic and Cultural Organizations in a Sustainable Urban Development — a Network Analysis Our paper presents the results of a network study on sustainable urban development with a special focus on the importance of local artistic and cultural initiatives and organizations.

    This study was conducted in the framework of the interdisciplinary research "City as Possibility Space", which took place from to From a network theoretical perspective, we postulated that artistic and cultural actors participate strongly in this network and influence the strength and orientation of the network.

    Our premise is that networking is an important factor of a powerful sustainable urban development. First, we therefore examine whether this sustainable urban development is a result of relational structures. Second, we can identify individual agents or organizations as key players in such a network. Third, we can find out how significant networks are for the actors by analyzing the benefits of network participation between control power and identity community. It is here that the potentials of quantitative and qualitative network analysis can be combined to better understand the benefits of networking.

    The data for the quantitative network analysis was collected in by means of a standardized online survey among organizations and projects of sustainable urban development in Hanover. Actors became co-operating partners according to their relationship. Relations were further differentiated according to symmetric and asymmetric relations. In addition, the centrality of the actors in the network was surveyed and the existence of subnetworks was recorded.

    Basically, it can be stated that municipal administrative offices hold the most important positions in the network. The actors are more interconnected if they are bureaucratically institutionalized, and they are less well networked if they work flexibly as temporary projects and initiatives. While municipal institutions can have a controlling effect here, artistic-cultural organizations in particular relied on help from other actors in the network. The quantitative network analysis of large network and 56 core and intensive network actors of sustainable urban development in Hannover has produced a number of results, which were presented for discussion at a workshop with field actors in Hanover, many of them from brokerage organizations.

    An important topic of the discussion at the workshop was the importance of institutionalizing organizations and sustainable urban development projects. One group of the participating actors demanded more institutionalization and a mimesis with the conventions of urban bureaucracy because the power of non-institutionalized organizations of sustainable urban development rely on a secured access to the bureaucratic headquarters of the urban municipality.

    The argument of this group was the relatively weak position of most initiatives and organizations that do not have comprehensive institutional structures in the illustrated network. They display mostly outgoing relationships high outdegree values , so they ask for resources from others. The highly or higher institutionalized organizations, on the other hand, have many in-depth relationships high indegree values , so they are asked by others for resources.

    This imbalance can only be reduced by a stronger institutionalization of the civil society actors, which is, however, not easy to be realized. Our network analysis data show that voluntary and unpaid employment is less helpful for networking actors than institutions that work with paid employees. This is not only valid for the municipal government agencies, but also for educational institutions, businesses, and high cultural venues, which have significantly higher levels of indegree as the voluntarily working initiatives, be they NGOs, grassroots initiatives or arts and cultural initiatives. The other group protested against this demand for permanently institutionalized structures within the network, having their own strong arguments.

    Firstly, the possibility for a constructive cooperation in the community should not be based on mechanisms of top-down power such as the dependency on financial resources , cf. Giuffre , Sennett or Blokland Exploitation by some powerful brokers in the network can be prevented if all participants in the network have a solid and yet informal culture, with clear rules and moral values of a common solidarity Giuffre This code of the "public conduct" Blokland , of "polity conventions" Sennett or of "identity" White prevents the misuse of a network. In addition, some institutional actors can contribute to enhancing the efficiency and flexibility of networking, especially if autonomy matches creativity.

    A code of "public conduct" consists of the exchange of knowledge, solidarity, unifying support, a capacity for open negotiation, attentive listening, dialogue and a sustainable continuity of cooperation among the network actors. Then, the network cannot be used for the preservation of established top-down power but for the bottom-up and participatory development of creativity and innovation for a multidimensional sustainable urban development. This controversy about the necessity or the avoidance of institutionalization between the two groups can be classified into the dichotomous categories of structural or agency-oriented interpretations of the network.

    This issue can also be discussed with a view on the 17 global UN goals for sustainable development. For example, the 10th goal of the UN Sustainable Development Goals is "reducing inequality," with subgoals such as empowerment and social, economic, and political inclusion, and the 16th goal is "peaceful and inclusive societies," with the sub-goal of need-based, inclusive , participatory and representative decision-making.

    While a structuralist perspective on strengthening a sustainable urban development network may be appropriate to the current social reality, most of the actors in the network prefer to have a collaborative-interactional perspective in line with these goals of sustainable development. The discussion among the workshop participants is reflected in the results of our quantitative network analysis since one can also speak of a structural or an agency oriented evaluation of the network results.

    On the one hand structuralistic interpretation , dominance as a power monopoly is viewed critically, since a dependence on interface actors could be exploited. But for others interactionist interpretation , the power of some actors in the network is seen as reversible, because, on the basis of Harrison White's concept of communal identity, a monopolistic exercise of power can be prevented by jointly agreed rules and values. Here, in particular, artistic-cultural organizations in the network are expected to convey a "public conduct" Blokland or "policy conventions" Sennett in the sense of an egalitarian network.

    She is an organisational consulter, certificated quality manager, management trainer and lecturer at universities in Austria as well as in Germany. She studied Theatre, Film and Media Studies , History of Art , Business Administration and Cultural Management in Vienna and worked in management positions for various cultural establishments for 15 years. The audience, the program and the staff should represent the urban society. Institutions should thus be the reflection of the surrounding society.

    This means a process of change regarding the goals and structures of public cultural establishments, particularly for those, who have little experience in developing organisations and making changes. How can diversity in regard to the goals and the work structures of cultural establishment be introduced? How can it be evaluated over time and how can the changes then be visualised? In addition, the relation between the results and the concept of cultural performance management, which was co-creatively developed by Irene Knava and representatives of cultural institutions will be pointed out.

    Cultural Policy and its Dimensions, Ludwigsburg Ed. Kultur in Zeiten der Globalisierung, Stuttgart Hg. Currently pursuing two MA degrees — in Music theory at Faculty of Music in Belgrade, focusing on contemporary music, with an interest in psychoacoustics, and the second one in Culturology, at Faculty of Political Sciences in Belgrade, focusing on ideas of utopia and dystopia in postmodern society. In the past four years she has been playing violin in several renown traditional music ensembles, which sparked her interest in traditional and World music as a research topic.

    Particularly interested in a relationship between music and identity, as well as how popular culture can be used to construct or deconstruct identities and therefore manipulate our perception. Fluent in Serbian and English, with intermediate knowledge of German and French. What is the relationship between music and identity? When does cultural exchange become cultural appropriation? Where is the line between borrowing and hybridization? Is world music still a bridge between local and global, or did it become a mass consumption product deprived of authenticity?

    These are just some of the questions we will tackle in this presentation, well aware that there might not be definitive answers yet. Nevertheless, we find it important to start a discussion on these topics, especially with growing popularity of world music in recent years. Finally, we will try to draw conclusions about what can cultural workers be it performers, producers or managers do to maintain, develop or even renew certain music practices in contemporary society. By doing so, we could preserve cultural diversity, which might otherwise be endangered by advancing globalization.

    Her research interests include postcolonial museum studies, curatorial ecologies, empirical visitor studies and cultural activism. Abstract: Abstract: Expanding Empirical Research in Politically Controversial Times: From Audiences to Stakeholders to Citizens By discussing the current right-wing backlash in many countries, this paper explores implications for empirical research and strategy building, and asks how museums might become agents of change in politically controversial times.

    In order to stir debate, the paper explores the hypothesis that the focus of audience research and participation and outreach programmes in the cultural sector has so far been too narrow in two main respects: 1 the focus on arts organisations and arts- related experiences as opposed to values and political opinions ; and 2 the focus on audiences as opposed to stakeholders. Witcomb, Xenophobia: Museums, refugees and fear of the other, in Knell , museum directors and managers need to reconsider their potential audiences as citizens, and reach out to those audiences that, for example, sympathise with current populist movements.

    Hence, museum managers need to rethink segmentation models, identify segmentation strategies that correspond with values that shape political opinions, and redefine their target groups. Not only do empirical researchers need to find out more about audiences' motivations; research is also needed to analyze potentially controversial motivations and values by a broader range of stakeholders.

    These might include left- or right-wing political activists; politically centrist audiences that might be concerned or worried by current controversial debates about 'diversity' and 'identity'; museum staff that might need to redefine their professional roles; and private donors and influential members of friend schemes. Hence, in addition to well-established segmentation models such as demographic models, lifestyle groupings or experience-related categories e. Falk , empirical researchers in the cultural sector need to adopt research methods and approaches as applied, for example, in the political sector.

    Research is urgently needed to analyse political opinions, identity-related values and emotions about controversially debated topics such as diversity, equity, inclusion and participation, as well as gender and race or ethnicity-related issues. Rather than new research methods, the paper suggests to refocus research and learn from neighbouring disciplines such as political sciences. Drawing on Elaine Heumann Gurian On the Importance of And, in MacLeod et al and Isolde Charim's notions of plurality, insecurity and 'deregulated' space Ich und die Anderen, , museum managers further need to reconsider what sort of public space museums might produce and provide.

    How could museums develop a progressive political agenda while at the same time consider a wide range of values and address progressive as well as centrist or conservative audiences? How could we reconsider the role and civic responsibility of private funders? How might private funders respond if public institutions are challenged by rightwing parties, and public funding for diversity and outreach programmes is cut? By exploring the outlined topics, I seek to discuss how to redefine audiences and other stakeholders as citizens, reshape the role of arts organizations, and reconsider organisational infrastructure, managerial practice and programming.

    How could we rethink museums as public, politically participative spaces? Birgit Mandel Prof. Her main research fields are cultural management in relation to cultural policy; audience development, visitor and non-visitor studies, marketing and public relations for the arts, cultural entrepreneurship and cultural tourism. Abstract: together with Charlotte Burghardt Migration as main trigger for change management in German public theatres? As a committee for the Union of Peninsular Malay Students in the later years, I became increasingly involved in running language and drama-based projects for children and youth in the neighbouring districts.

    My doctoral research looks into the experience of theatre with online crowdfunding amidst the current arts funding climate in the United Kingdom. I am interested in how theatre makers perceive and use online crowdfunding in their project campaigns, the effects it has on their practice and how this invites rethinking of the sustainability of theatre companies. My inquiry centres on the changes that theatre makers face when dealing with private micro funding instead of institutional funding, and how the pluralistic patronage of crowdfunding might lend itself to issues of co-production and co-creation.

    My study explores the different levels of social capital as reflected by the online backing that theatre makers received. By looking at the different stages of experience in the industry, I intend to see how theatre companies exhibit different degrees of dependency on this funding mode and the various functions it serves. Rather than pre-purchases and rewards packages, pledges to theatre projects gravitate towards expressions of artistic and social support for artists in their creative endeavours and the awareness of the arts as public good.

    However, we argue that third generation Turkish migrants are only reaching adulthood now and thus are only to a minor extent considered in the age groups under study. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author s and the source are credited.

    Skip to main content Skip to sections. Advertisement Hide. Download PDF. First and Second Birth Behavior of the 1. Open Access. First Online: 21 September Fortdauernde Unterschiede oder Anpassung? Table 1 Determinants of the transition to first births. Open image in new window. Table 2 Determinants of the transition to second births.

    Table 3 Number of first birth events. German 1. Table 4 Number of second birth events.

    Table 5 Number of third birth events. Table 6 Interaction migration background and education. Table 7 Descriptive statistics. Table 8 Three-way interaction of migration status, education and age. Table 9 Interaction migration background and education. Fertility patterns of child migrants: Age at migration and ancestry in comparative perspective. CrossRef Google Scholar. Alba, Richard, and Victor Nee.

    Rethinking assimilation theory for a new era of immigration. International Migration Review — Alders, Maarten. Cohort fertility of migrant women in the Netherlands: Developments in fertility of women born in Turkey, Morocco, Suriname, and the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. August September 1, Google Scholar. Allison, Paul D. Discrete-time methods for the analysis of event histories. Sociological Methodology — Andersson, Gunnar. Childbearing after migration: Fertility patterns of foreign-born women in Sweden.

    Andersson, Gunnar, and Kirk Scott. Labour-market status and first-time parenthood: The experience of immigrant women in Sweden, — Population Studies — Childbearing dynamics of couples in a universalistic welfare state: The role of labor-market status, country of origin, and gender. Demographic Research — Assimilation: Kontroversen um ein migrationspolitisches Konzept. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag. Bade, Kaus J. Kaus J. Bade and Michael Bommes, 7— Barber, Jennifer S. Social Forces — Becker, Gary S.

    A treatise on the family Rev. MA: Cambridge. Best, Henning, and Christof Wolf. Modellvergleich und Ergebnisinterpretation in Logit- und Probit Regressionen. Blau, Francine D. National Bureau of Economic Research. Blossfeld, Hans-Peter, and Johannes Huinink. Human capital investments or norms of role transition? American Journal of Sociology — Coleman, David A.

    Trends in fertility and intermarriage among immigrant populations in Western Europe as measures of integration. Journal of Biosocial Science — Journal of Family Issues — Cygan-Rehm, Kamila. Between here and there: Immigrant fertility patterns in Germany. Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics. De Valk, Helga A. Pathways into adulthood. A comparative study on family life transitions among migrant and Dutch youth. Journal of Marriage and Family — Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt.

    Wanderungen Educational achievement of second-generation immigrants: An international comparison. Economic Policy — Internal migration and fertility in Turkey: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. International Journal of Population Research Article ID Esser, Hartmut. Assimilation, ethnische Schichtung oder selektive Akkulturation?

    Neuere Theorien der Eingliederung von Migranten und das Modell der intergenerationalen. Fick, Patrick. Frank, Reanne, and Patrick Heuveline. A crossover in Mexican and Mexican-American fertility rates: Evidence and explanations for an emerging paradox. Garssen, Joop, and Han Nicolaas. Fertility of Turkish and Moroccan women in the Netherlands: Adjustment to native level within one generation. Goode, William J. The family. Gordon, Milton Myron.

    Assimilation in American life: The role of race, religion, and national origins. New York: Oxford University Press. Granato, Nadia, and Frank Kalter. Die Persistenz ethnischer Ungleichheit auf dem deutschen Arbeitsmarkt. Biografische Drift und zweite Chance. Sonderheft — Gustafsson, Siv. Optimal age at motherhood. Theoretical and empirical considerations on postponement of maternity in Europe. Journal of Population Economics — Muslimisches Leben in Deutschland.

    Heckmann, Friedrich. From ethnic nation to universalistic immigrant integration: Germany. In The integration of immigrants in European societies: National differences and trends of convergence , eds. Friedrich Heckmann and Dominique Schnapper, 45— Integration and integration policies. Bamberg: European Forum for Migration Studies. Hervitz, Hugo M. Selectivity adaptation or disruption? A comparison of alternative hypotheses on the effects of migration on fertility: The case of Brazil. Hoffman, Lois W. The value of children to parents. In Psychological perspectives on population , ed.

    Fawcett, 19— New York: Basis Books. Holland, Jennifer A. De Valk. Ideal ages for family formation among immigrants in Europe. Advances in Life Course Research — Hotz, V. The economics of fertility in developed countries. In Handbook of population and family economics , eds. Mark R. Rosenzweig and Oded Stark, — Amsterdam: Elsevier. Familie und Partnerschaft in Ost- und Westdeutschland. Leverkusen: Verlag Barbara Budrich.

    Kagitcibasi, Cigdem, and Bilge Ataca. Value of children and family change: A Three-decade portrait from Turkey. Applied Psychology — Kahn, Joan R. Immigrant selectivity and fertility adaptation in the United States. Kalter, Frank. Stand und Perspektiven der Migrationssoziologie. In Soziologische Forschung.

    Karl-Dieter Opp

    Stand und Perspektiven , eds. Kavas, Serap, and Arland Thornton. Adjustment and hybridity in Turkish family change: Perspectives from developmental idealism. Journal of Family History — Konietzka, Dirk, and Holger Seibert. Eine vergleichende Analyse der Berufseinstiegskohorten — in Westdeutschland. Krapf, Sandra, and Michaela Kreyenfeld. Kreyenfeld, Michaela. Time squeeze, partner effect or self-selection? Kreyenfeld, Michaela, and Dirk Konietzka. Education and fertility in Germany. In Demographic change in Germany. The economic and fiscal consequences , eds. Berlin: Springer. Kulu, Hill.

    Migration and fertility: Competing hypotheses re-examined. European Journal of Population — Family dynamics among immigrants and their descendants in Europe: Current research and opportunities. The multifaceted impact of education on entry into motherhood. Lesthaeghe, Ron. The second demographic transition: An interpretation. In Gender and family change in industrialized countries , eds. Karen Mason and An-Magritt Jensen, 17— Oxford: Clarendon Press. Lesthaeghe, Ron, and Johan Surkyn. Cultural dynamics and economic theories of fertility change. Population and Development Review — The costs of raising children and the effectiveness of policies to support parenthood in European countries: A Literature Review.

    Brussels: European Commision. Lindstrom, David P. The interrelationship of fertility, family maintenance and Mexico-U. Mayer, Jochen, and Regina T. Fertility assimilation of immigrants: Evidence from count data models. Milewski, Nadja. First child of immigrant workers and their descendants in West Germany: Interrelation of events, disruption, or adaptation?

    Fertility of immigrants. A two-generational approach in Germany. Immigrant fertility in West Germany: Is there a socialization effect in transitions to second and third births? Transition to a first birth among Turkish second-generation migrants in Western Europe. Mincer, Jacob. Market price, opportunity costs, and income effects.

    In Measurement in economics , ed. Carl Christ, 66— Stanford: Stanford University Press. The intergenerational transmission of gender attitudes in a world of changing roles. Mood, Carina. Logistic regression: Why we cannot do what we think we can do, and what we can do about it. European Sociological Review — Mortimer, Jeylan T. Adult socialization. Annual Review of Sociology — Zuwanderung nach Deutschland - Strukturen, Wirkungen, Perspektiven. Frankfurt a. Mussino, Eleonora, and Salvatore Strozza. The fertility of immigrants after arrival: The Italian case.

    Schlüsselwörter

    Nauck, Bernhard. Social capital, intergenerational transmission and intercultural contact in immigrant families. Journal of Comparative Family Research — Families in Turkey. In Family Change and intergenerational relations in different cultures. Journal of Comparative Family Research , ed. Rosemarie Nave-Hertz, 11— Value of children and the framing of fertility: Results from a cross-cultural comparative survey in 10 societies.

    Nauck, Bernhard, and Daniela Klaus. The varying value of children: Empirical results from eleven societies in Asia, Africa and Europe. Current Sociology — In International Family Change.

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    Ideational Perspectives , eds. New York: Larence Erlbaum Associates. Fertility postponement is largely due to rising educational enrolment. Park, Robert E. Introduction to the science of sociology.