South Carolina Trivia: Revised and Updated
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II, sec. Justices are, but the others are probably not. The Constitution in several places seems to make a clear distinction between legislators and officials, though this has been contested. Members of Congress are not subject to impeachment, but are liable to expulsion by the vote of the House of which they are members Art. What would be the proceeding in case of the impeachment of a Cabinet officer? An impeachment proceeding may be set in motion in the House of Representatives by charges made on the floor on the responsibility of a member or territorial delegate; by charges preferred by a memorial, which is usually referred to a committee for examination; by charges transmitted by the legislature of a State or from a grand jury; or the facts developed and reported by an investigating committee of the House.
After the impeachment has been voted by the House, the case is heard by the Senate sitting as a court. When the President of the United States is impeached and tried, the proceedings are the same except that the Senate is then presided over by the Chief Justice of the United States Art. What is meant when it is said that Senators are paired? Sometimes a Senator belonging to one party agrees with a Senator belonging to the other party that neither will vote if the other is absent, the theory being that they would always vote on opposite sides of the question.
This is called a pair.
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Sometimes pairs are secured on a particular vote only. For example, if a Senator is in favor of a certain piece of legislation and is ill or unavoidably detained, his friends arrange for some one on the opposite side not to vote. This insures for each a record as to his views. While many are opposed to general pairs, as the first is called, all are glad to arrange a pair for a specific measure if a Senator is unavoidably prevented from being present Art. What is the mace of the House of Representatives and what purpose does it serve? The mace consists of thirteen ebony rods, about three feet long, representing the thirteen original States.
It is bound together with silver in imitation of the thongs which bound the fasces of ancient Rome. The shaft is surmounted by a globe of solid silver about five inches in diameter upon which rests a massive silver eagle. The mace is the symbol of the paramount authority of the House within its own sphere. In times of riot or disorder upon the floor the Speaker may direct the Sergeant-at-Arms, the executive officer of the House, to bear the mace up and down the aisles as a reminder that the dignity and decorum of the House must not be overthrown.
Defiance to such warning is the ultimate disrespect to the House and may lead to expulsion. When the House is sitting as a body the mace rests upright on a pedestal at the right of the Speaker's dais; when the House is sitting in committee of the whole, the mace stands upon the floor at the foot of its pedestal. Thus, when the House wishes to "rise" from committee of the whole and resume business as a legislative body, lifting the mace to its pedestal automatically effects the transition. The origin of the idea of the mace is based upon a similar emblem in the British House of Commons Art.
Who administers the oath of office to the Speaker of the House of Representatives? It is usually administered by the oldest member in point of service Art. What is meant by the "Father" of the House of Representatives? It is a colloquial title informally bestowed upon the oldest member in point of service Art.
It was borrowed originally from the House of Commons. Why is a member of the House of Representatives referred to on the floor as "the gentleman from New York," for example, instead of by name? It is a custom in all large deliberative bodies to avoid the use of the personal name in debate or procedure.
The original purpose of this was to avoid any possible breach of decorum and to separate the political from the personal character of each member Art. Do members of Congress get extra compensation for their work on committees? Could members of the President's Cabinet be permitted to sit in Congress without amending the Constitution? A national officeholder cannot at the same time be a member of either House of Congress Art. Must all revenue and appropriation bills originate in the House of Representatives? The Constitution provides that all bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives.
It is customary for appropriation bills to originate there also Art. What is meant by the word veto, in the President's powers? The word is from the Latin and means "I forbid. Congress may, however, pass the act over his veto but it must be by a two-thirds majority in both houses. If Congress adjourns before the end of the 10 days, the President can prevent the enactment of the bill by merely not signing it. This is called a pocket veto. If, after a bill has passed both houses of Congress and gone to the President, Congress desires to recall it, can this be done?
A bill which has reached the President may be recalled only by concurrent resolution. The form used is as follows: Resolved, by the House of Representatives the Senate concurring , That the President be requested to return to the House of Representatives the bill. After the concurrent resolution passes both houses it is formally transmitted to the President. The latter might, however, have already signed it, in which case it would have become a law and would have to be repealed in regular fashion Art. What is the difference between a joint and a concurrent resolution of Congress?
A joint resolution has the same force as an act, and must be signed by the President or passed over his veto. A concurrent resolution is not a law, but only a measure on which the two Houses unite for a purpose concerned with their organization and procedure, or expressions of facts, principles, opinions, and purposes, "matters peculiarly within the province of Congress alone," and not embracing "legislative provisions proper" Art. Which is the longest term of office in the government, aside from judges? They hold office for fifteen years Art.
What is the term of office of Treasurer of the United States?
The Treasurer is appointed by the President of the United States, and no length of term of office is specified Art. Does the Constitution provide for the formation of a Cabinet? The Constitution vests the executive power in the President. Executive departments were created by successive acts of Congress under authority conferred by the Constitution in Art. The Cabinet, it should be distinctly understood, is merely an advisory body whose members hold office only during the pleasure of the President. It has no constitutional function as a Cabinet, and the word does not appear in an act of Congress until February 26, Art.
How many methods of electing the President of the United States were considered by the Constitutional Convention? These were by the Congress; by the people; by State legislatures; by State executives; and by electors.
Various methods of appointing the electors were proposed: by popular vote, by lottery from members of Congress, by State legislatures, and by State executives; and the matter was finally compromised by leaving the method to each State legislature. The meeting of the electors in one body was also proposed; and at first the final choice, in case election by electors failed, was given to the Senate, but later, after choice by Congress had been defeated, it was transferred to the House, voting by States.
Who appoints the Chief Justice of the United States and for how long a term? III, sec. By what authority may the President of the United States call an extra session of Congress? The Constitution provides for this. Can the Secretary of State take action with respect to recognizing a government without the consent of Congress?
The Secretary of State, on behalf of the President, may accord recognition without recourse to Congress Art. Under the new government how was the national judiciary organized? The First Congress passed many notable acts which endured many years as laws. One of the most worthy of these was that organizing the national judiciary, September 24, The bill was drawn up with extraordinary ability by Senator Oliver Ellsworth, of Connecticut, who had been a deputy to the Constitutional Convention, and who was to become Chief Justice of the United States.
The Constitution prescribes a Supreme Court, but left its make-up and provision for other courts to Congress. The Supreme Court was organized with a Chief Justice and five Associates; a district court was provided for each State; and the Supreme Court Justices sat with the district judges in circuit courts. The jurisdiction of the three grades of the judiciary was fixed, and officers--clerks, marshals, and district attorneys--authorized. The Attorney General, also provided for in the act, was for many years little more than the President's legal adviser.
What are the correct style and titles of the Supreme Court of the United States and its members?
South Carolina Trivia
The Chief Justice is mentioned in the Constitution but the number of Justices is not specified. The act of September 24, , provided for a Chief Justice and five Associates; that of February 24, , made the Associates six; that of March 3, , eight; and that of March 3, , nine. But on July 23, , a law directed that no appointments be made of Associate Justices until the number of them should be only six. This was to prevent President Johnson from making appointments; but the act of April 10, , restored the number to eight.
There were only six at the time that President Grant made the first restorative appointments. It is frequently asserted that the Supreme Court nullifies an act of Congress. Is this correct? The Court has repeatedly declared that it claims no such power. All it does--all it can do--is to examine a law when a suit is brought before it. If the law in question is in accordance with the Constitution, in the opinion of the Supreme Court, the law stands.
If the law goes beyond powers granted by the Constitution, then it is no law, and the Supreme Court merely states that fact Art. VI, cl. In which decision did the Supreme Court first formally assert its authority contrary to an act of Congress? In the famous case of Marbury v. Madison This was not the first case in which the authority of an act of Congress was questioned in a case before the court. In Hylton v.
United States, , the court upheld the constitutionality of a national tax on carriages as an excise that did not have to be apportioned. Also Justices in the circuit court had, as early as , refused to act as commissioners under an act of Congress, considering the law unconstitutional. What is treason against the United States? Treason against the United States consists in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving the latter aid and comfort. No person can be convicted of treason except upon the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act or on confession in open court Art.
What right has a Territorial Delegate in Congress? A Territorial Delegate sits in the House of Representatives from each organized territory. Delegates may be appointed to committees and have the right to speak on any subject, but not to vote Art.
IV, sec. Is a constitutional amendment submitted to the President? A resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution, after having passed both houses of Congress by a two-thirds vote, does not go to the President for his signature. It is sent to the States to be ratified either by their legislatures or by conventions, as Congress shall determine Art. The Supreme Court as early as declared the approval was not requisite Hollingsworth v.
Virginia, 3 Dallas What constitutes the supreme law of the land?
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When referring to various States in the Union, is the term "sovereign States" correct? A sovereign is that person or State which recognizes no superior. Is there a clause in the Constitution prohibiting members of certain religious denominations from becoming President of the United States? Should the amendments be called articles? The amendments proposed by the first Congress were sent out as "Articles in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America," and the term "article" is used in self-application in all the amendments since the Twelfth, except the Seventeenth, which uses the term "amendment.
However, all but eight of the signers were born in colonies that would become the United States. The first public reading of the Declaration took place on July 8, , in Philadelphia. A fictional story written in the s suggested that the bell now known as the Liberty Bell was rung that day to bring the people together. However, historians now doubt that this happened.
The steeple that housed the bell was in very bad condition at the time and the bell was probably unusable. Although August 2, , was the date of the official signing ceremony, there were several people who signed on later dates. Call to order: or order pocket constitution books online. All rights reserved.
Oak Hill Publishing Company. Box , Naperville, IL For questions or comments about this site please email us at info constitutionfacts. Constitution I. Which Founding Father Are You? Constitution Day Survey Results. Constitution Day Pocket Constitution Books. South Carolina is the nation's leading peach producer and shipper east of the Mississippi River. Before being known as the Palmetto State, South Carolina was known as, and had emblazoned on their license plates, the Iodine State. The only major league baseball player to wear the name of his hometown on his uniform was pitcher Bill Voiselle.
He wore number The Thoroughbred Racing Hall of Fame features champion thoroughbred flat racers and steeplechase horses trained in Aiken. This slow-moving river is characterized by high concentrations of organic carbon, which accounts for the tea-colored water and gives rise to the diverse habitats in its widespread floodplain.
Chapin is known as the Capital of Lake Murray. Sumter has the largest Gingko farm in the world. The Stumphouse Mountain Tunnel was started in by a railroad company and is bored for more than a mile into the granite heart of fabled Stumphouse Mountain. The coming of the Civil War in ended the work on the project. The Board of Public Works in Gaffney built an elevated water storage tank in the shape of a peach in The Edisto is reputed to be the world's longest free-flowing "blackwater" stream.
The Argent train Engine No. This narrow gauge train is a rarity and attracts many people from across the nation. Duncan Park Baseball Stadium in Spartanburg is the oldest minor league stadium in the nation. Every few years, Irmo has a sighting of some kind of water monster that inhabits Lake Murray. The monster first 'surfaced' in when residents of Irmo and Ballentine saw a cousin of the Loch Ness Monster. It was described in The Independent News in as "a cross between a snake and something prehistoric. The Isle of Palms was originally named Hunting Island and then Long Island, it's thought to be at least 25, years old, and was first inhabited by the indigenous Seewee Indians.
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