All About Leonberger Puppies
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Leos are dimorphic — males have more masculine features, and females a more feminine appearance. Leos bodies are built strong and muscular. Their fur is medium to long length, and a gorgeously thick double coat. Adult males carry more of the mane around their chest and neck that gives them the lion-like appearance. They have a black mask on their face.
The range of coat colors may include lion-yellow, creamy and yellow sandy colors, golden-red and red-brown. As adults, Leos can weigh the same, and stand at half the height of their human companions! Their size and weight ranges are:. Especially as young puppies and in their adolescent years, Leos can be playful, boisterous and have a ton of energy to burn. Leos also like to stand close by their companions, and that means literally as close as they can!
To give you an idea of how big these guys actually are, compare them to other larger dog breeds you may consider. They are confident and strong-willed as well as being strongly built, so they need to be cared for with people who can match that. Because Leos are strong-minded and grow pretty darn big, early training and socialization are essential.
That way they learn and understand what acceptable behavior is while they are small. Training with positive reinforcement needs to begin while they are very young with you, other animals and other people. They may be big outdoorsy types, but they will also want to snuggle up with you on the couch. A roomy chest is sufficiently broad and deep for the purpose of work. The head is well balanced in proportion to the size of the dog and is deeper than broad with the length of muzzle and the length of skull approximately equal.
With close fitting eyelids, the eyes are set into the skull upon a slight oblique; the eyes are medium-sized, almond shaped, and colored dark brown. The ears are fleshy, moderately sized, and pendant shaped, with sufficient substance to hang close to the skull and drop the tip of the ears level with the inside corners of the mouth. The Leonberger's ears rise from halfway between the eye and the top of his skull to level with the top of his skull.
Though level bites and slight anomalies not affecting the robustness of the lower jaw are common, the ideal Leonberger capably possesses a strong scissor bite with full dentition. Both a necessity for work and a defining attribute of the breed, the Leonberger has a water-resistant double coat on his body that is complemented by the shorter, fine hair on his muzzle and limbs.
The long, profuse, outer coat is durable, relatively straight, lies flat, and fits close. A mature, masculine Leonberger exhibits a pronounced mane. Similarly, his tail is very well furnished from the tip to the base where it blends harmoniously with the breech's furnishings. Climate permitting, his undercoat is soft and dense. Apart from a neatening of the feet, the Leonberger is presented untrimmed. A variety of coat colors are acceptable, including all combinations of lion-yellow, red, red-brown, and sand.
Faulty colors include brown with brown nose leather, black and tan, black, white or silver and eyes without any brown. A small patch of white on the chest or toes is permitted. First and foremost a family dog, the Leonberger's temperament is one of its most important and distinguishing characteristics. Well socialized and trained, the Leonberger is self-assured, insensitive to noise, submissive to family members, friendly toward children, well composed with passersby, and self-disciplined when obliging its family or property with protection.
Robust, loyal, intelligent, playful, and kindly, they can thus be taken anywhere without difficulty and adjust easily to a variety of circumstances, including the introduction of other dogs. Leonbergers are strong, generally healthy dogs. The oldest dogs in both surveys died at about Serious diseases can affect the Leonberger—certain types of cancers are very common in the breed. Gastric dilatation volvulus , commonly called bloat, is another serious condition that affects many of the large- and giant-breed dogs, particularly those with deep chests.
It causes the stomach to twist and can be fatal quite quickly. Leonbergers are not alone in inheriting serious diseases, and according to the University of Sydney's LIDA taskforce, Leonbergers have relatively few health issues compared to other dog breeds. Studies have indicated problems with inherited polyneuropathy in certain populations of Leonbergers  and cataracts in dogs in the United Kingdom. Bernard Hospice and Monastery which would later create the Saint Bernard breed. Later, according to Essig, a Pyrenean Mountain Dog was added, resulting in very large dogs with the long, white coats that were the fashion for the time, and pleasant temperament.
The first dogs registered as Leonbergers were born in and had many of the prized qualities of the breeds from which they were derived. Essig's claim of breeding the dog as described is disputed. Records from as early as may indicate the existence of Leonberger-type dogs; documents dating from held by the Metternich family describe similar dogs used to deter the theft of livestock.
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Bernard—not a stable and recognized breed—and a product of a popular fad or fashion for large and strong dogs, fomented in part by Essig's prodigious marketing skills he gave dogs to the rich and famous. The modern look of the Leonberger, with darker coats and a black masks, was developed during the latter part of the 20th century by reintroducing other breeds, such as the Newfoundland.
During World War I , most Leonbergers were left to fend for themselves as breeders fled or were killed. During the two world wars, Leonbergers were used to pull the ammunition carts, a service to the breed's country that resulted in the Leonbergers' near-destruction. Traditionally, Leonbergers were kept as farm dogs and were much praised for their abilities in watch         and draft work. They were frequently seen pulling carts around the villages of Bavaria and surrounding districts. Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or "herd" their human family members, and they need training to learn that it's fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people.
Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a chew toy that's been stuffed with kibble and treats. Some breeds sound off more often than others. When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes — with barks or howls — and how often. If you're considering a hound, would you find their trademark howls musical or maddening? If you're considering a watchdog, will a city full of suspicious "strangers" put him on permanent alert?
Will the local wildlife literally drive your dog wild?
Do you live in housing with noise restrictions? Do you have neighbors nearby? Some breeds are more free-spirited than others. Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they'll take off after anything that catches their interest.
And many hounds simply must follow their noses, or that bunny that just ran across the path, even if it means leaving you behind. High-energy dogs are always ready and waiting for action. Originally bred to perform a canine job of some sort, such as retrieving game for hunters or herding livestock, they have the stamina to put in a full workday. They need a significant amount of exercise and mental stimulation, and they're more likely to spend time jumping, playing, and investigating any new sights and smells.
Low-energy dogs are the canine equivalent of a couch potato, content to doze the day away. When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you'll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying. A vigorous dog may or may not be high-energy, but everything he does, he does with vigor: he strains on the leash until you train him not to , tries to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps.
These dynamos need lots of training to learn good manners, and may not be the best fit for a home with young kids or someone who's elderly or frail. A low-vigor dog, on the other hand, has a more subdued approach to life. Some breeds do fine with a slow evening stroll around the block. Others need daily, vigorous exercise -- especially those that were originally bred for physically demanding jobs, such as herding or hunting. Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, such as barking, chewing, and digging.
Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility.
The Leonberger: A Large and Friendly Pet Dog Breed | PetHelpful
Some dogs are perpetual puppies -- always begging for a game -- while others are more serious and sedate. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog. Breed Characteristics: Adaptability. All Around Friendliness.
Health Grooming. Exercise Needs.
See Dogs With Low Intensity. Vital Stats: Dog Breed Group:.
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Originally from Germany, where he was created through crosses between Newfoundlands , longhaired Saint Bernards , plus some Great Pyrenees , this giant breed requires a commitment to training and a high tolerance for mischief and mess. He looks beautiful in the show ring, but his natural state is more along the lines of damp and muddy than leonine elegance.