Justin - Geliebter Kater (German Edition)
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Jesais 9, 15; Jerem. Petri 2, 1; 1. Chronica 17, 34; Psalm , 1; , 1; , 1. Chronika 7, 3; Psalm , 1; Esra 3, 11 steht:. Danach sagen wir:. In dem Buche Hiob 1, 1 u. Aus Hiob 10, " Ehe denn ich hingehe in das Land, da es stockdick finster ist. Nach Hiob 12, "Sie die Gottlosen werden sein. Aus Hiob 31, "Habe ich meinen Bissen allein gegessen und nicht der Waise auch davon gegessen?
Nach Hiob 36, "Siehe, Gott ist gross und unbekannt" sagt man von einem sich in Werken offenbarenden, sonst unsichtbar bleibenden bedeutenden Geist:. So wurde nach J. Bis hierher sollst du kommen und nicht weiter; hie sollen sich legen deine stolzen Wellen;. Goethe legt die in dem Verse 11 enthaltenen Endworte in der Form: "Werden sich schon legen die stolzen Wellen", der Postmeisterin in "Stella" 1 in den Mund. Hiob 39, 30 vrgl. Habakuk 1, 8 heisst es vom "Adler": "wo ein Aas ist, da ist er", danach wir mit Matth. Auf Hiob 42, 3: ". Darum bekenne ich, dass ich habe unweislich geredet, dass mir zu hoch ist und nicht verstehe", oder auf Psalm , 6 vrgl.
Aus Psalm  2, 1: "Warum toben die Heiden? Hiob 4, 14 und Ps. Aus Psalm 39, 3: "Ich bin verstummet und still und schweige der Freuden und muss mein Leid in mich fressen" stammt das Wort:. Psalm 73, 19 s. Worte aus der Geschichte: Schill heisst es:. Psalm 84, 7; nach der Vulgata Ps.
Hugo von Trimberg wendet es in "Dem Renner", Vers und an. Nach der Erlanger Handschrift, herausg. Werke, hrsg. Akt , ferner der Anfang der Arie Nr. Breitenstein Danzig bei Wedel, ersch. Schmidts "Neuem Berlinischen Musenalmanach" , S. Voss zugeschrieben und irrig in Fr. Sonnenbergs Gedichte Rudolst. Psalm , 23, Hesekiel 13, 5 und 22, Nach Psalm , ". Psalm , 2: ". Psalm , 15 und 16 s. Sirach 5, 10; 41, 12 u. X: Sophokles. Sirach 30, 1. Hiernach ist gebildet:. Wehe euch, die ihr hier lachet, denn ihr werdet weinen und heulen" sind die Quellen des Wortes:.
Der lateinische Spruch kommt schon in dem englischen Gedichte W. Langlands "Piers Ploughmans Vision", Mitte des An ersterer Stelle heisst es: "Homo proponit, sprach ein Dichter, und Plato hiess er, und Deus disponit sprach er; lass Gott seinen Willen thun". Tobias 4, "Hoffart. Psalm 7, 16; 9, 16; 57, 7; Predig. Prediger Salomo 1, 2 und 12, 8 ruft: "Es ist alles ganz eitel", danach wir sagen:. Nach dem Prediger Salomo 10, "Die Arbeit der Narren wird ihnen sauer" und nach Sirach 7, "Ob dirs sauer wird mit deiner Nahrung und Ackerwerk, das lass dich nicht verdriessen" sagen wir:.
Aus Pred. Nach Jesaias 38, 1: ". Bestelle dein Haus, denn du wirst sterben". Hieraus und aus Jesaias 42, "Man [S. In der Vulgata lautet Jesaias 49, ". Angustus est mihi locus, fac spatium mihi, ut habitem". Paris , s. VIII, p. Wer geduldig, still und willig anderen nachgiebt, von dem sagen wir, nach Jesaias 53, 7 und Apostelg. Plinius : "Basiliskenblick". Jeremias 12, 13 vrgl. Aesop , Fab. Halm, Lucian "An den Ungebildeten", 28 und Zonaras 15, 4.
Nach Jeremias 51, 6: "Fliehet aus Babel, damit ein jeglicher seine Seele errette. Die Gemeinde respondiert dann: "habemus ad Dominum" "wir haben sie zum Herrn emporgerichtet ". Schon Cyprian, der Kirchenvater 3. Hesekiel 3, 19 vrgl. Hesekiel 17, 24 u. Auf Hosea 8, 7 vrgl. Auch werden Matth. Nach Jona 4, 11 sprach der Herr: "Und mich sollte nicht jammern Ninive's, solcher grossen Stadt, in welcher sind mehr denn hundert und zwanzig tausend Menschen, die.
Micha 7, 3 steht: "die Gewaltigen raten nach ihrem Mutwillen Schaden zu thun, und drehen es, wie sie wollen", und Sirach 19, 22 heisst es vom "Schalk": er "kann die Sache drehen, wie er's haben will". Und vor ihm, [S. Nach Haggai 2, 7 vrgl.
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Nach dem Talmudtraktat Sabbath fol. Der Spruch findet sich ferner im Seneka ep. Deutsche Ausgabe. Hagen-Habicht, B. Jemandes sein" oder "Einem als solcher zur Seite stehen", ist aus Tobias 5, 29 vrgl. Juvenal 4, "nunquam direxerit brachia contra torrentem". Sirach 7, 15 vrgl. Was du beginnest, beginne es klug und bedenke das Ende, der schon im Mittelalter z. Ferner ist zu erinnern an V. Im "Kurtzweiligen Zeitvertreiber" von , S. Dionys bezahlte den Preis, und der Philosoph sagte ihm unsern Spruch her.
Gestern war es an mir, heute ist es an dir". Oder meinte Washington jenen anderen Jonathan, den Sohn Sauls, der s. Darum, welcher Baum nicht gute Frucht bringet, wird abgehauen und ins Feuer geworfen. Daher reden wir, jedoch ohne den Sinn festzuhalten, von einer. Aus Matth. Also lasset euer Licht leuchten vor den Leuten" u. Der ganze Satz vrgl. Daher auch unser:. So heisst es:. Darin war die siebente Karte von oben der Teufel, der alle anderen Karten stach. Jena ; Eisl. Doch ist nach Dr.
Zunz "ges. Auf Matth. Ein griechisches Sprichwort Paroemiogr. Die Starken d. Nach Matth. Aber viele, die da sind die ersten werden die letzten und die letzten werden die ersten sein. Sie sagen es wohl, und thun es nicht", ist die Quelle unseres. Nach Livius 7, 32 sagte der Consul Valerius v. Und wird. Und sie boten ihm 30 Silberlinge" der Ausdruck:. Daher unser Wort:. Darauf beruht der Ausdruck:. Der Titel von Fr. Vischer 's Buch "Auch Einer" wurzelt in diesen Worten.
Aus Markus 1, 7; Luk. Im Text aber steht gerade diese Wendung nicht, so dass wir damit nicht Markus, sondern Luther citieren. Gebet, so wird euch gegeben. Viel wird auch citiert das sich unmittelbar an diese Worte anschliessende:. Aus Lukas 16, 8 vrgl. Aus demselben Verse citieren wir im Sinne des zerknirscht Insichgehens das Wort:. Aus dem Gleichnis Luk. In der "Legenda aurea" des Jacobus a Voragine 2. Auf Joh. Nach Joh.
Goethes "Noch ist es Tag" u. Der Ausruf des Pilatus, Joh. Nach dem Zauberer Simon Apost. Danach sprechen wir:. Ist "alter Adam" zuerst von Luther gebraucht worden? Es kommt im 4. Passionspredigt; in der anderen Predigt am Tage der heiligen Dreifaltigkeit; in der Predigt am Sonntag und in der am Sonntag nach der Dreifaltigkeit.
Wollen habe ich wohl, aber Vollbringen das Gute habe ich nicht" und nach Philipper 2, "Gott ist es, der in euch wirket beides, das Wollen und das Vollbringen nach seinem Wohlgefallen" reden wir vom. Ein jeglicher aber wird seinen Lohn empfangen nach seiner Arbeit". Man bezieht aber heute "Es ist einer wie der andere" auf die Schlechtigkeit.
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Jahrhundert an auch weltliche Herrscher im Sinne der Demut vor ihren Titel setzten. Eine Gnome Menanders s. Meineke: "Fragm. Meineke, S. Mit aus 2. Aber er fliesst auch noch aus anderen Quellen. Bonn , S. Nach Galater 6, 9 vrgl. Colosser 3, verdanken wir das Wort:. Aus Epheser 6, 6: " Ihr Knechte, seid gehorsam nicht mit Dienst allein vor Augen, als den Menschen zu gefallen, sondern als die Knechte Christi" stammt. Hiermit ist das 2. Psalm 69, 29; Daniel 12, 1; Luk. Thessalonicher 5, 2 vrgl. Petri 3, 10 soll der Tag des Herrn. Petri 4, 7 steht: "Das Ende aller Dinge" und Sirach 40, 25 vrgl.
Petri 2, ". Mark und Bein" sagen wir:. Jakobus 3, 7 lesen wir: ". Weil sich "der Herr" Jesaias 41, 4; 44, 6 und 48, 12 "der Erste und der Letzte" nennt, schreibt ihm die Offenbarung Johannis 1, 8 u. In der Offenb. Aus Offenb. Philostrat , "Icon. Cock verbreitete das Blatt durch den Kupferstich. Sophokles "Frg. Euripides "Hec. Die Vorgeschichte hierzu liefert Lucian "dial. XI: Vergil "Aen. Proclus: "Chrestomathie". Darum spricht Cicero "de fin. Euripides "Orest. Pacuvius , den Cicero "Laelius" 2, 24 citiert; vrgl.
Homer singt "Od. Im Homer "Od. X: "Hurtig mit Donnergepolter" u. Danach nennen wir, wie Properz [S. Circe warnt im Homer "Od. Belegstellen s. Hesiod "Th. Persius "Prolog. Im Hesiod "Theog. Der mythische Fluss. Vergil "Aen. Hesiod "Theog. Ovid "Met. Pisander aus Kamiros bei Pausan.
II, Aratus "Phaenomena" ; Tibull 1, 3, 35; Ovid "Amor. Claudian "Lob d. Stilicho" 1, Athenaeus a. Der gleichen Vorstellung entsprang unser:. Nachdruck d. Pantagruel" von Rabelais vorkommende:. Aus Hesiod "W. Im Aeschylus v. Daher nennen wir scharfe aufmerksame Augen.
So beschreibt ihn uns um v. Epigramm Posidipp "Griech. Anthologie" IV als vom Lysipp plastisch dargestellt. Ausonius Epigr. Aus Sophokles v. Als dieser sich nun in Iole verliebte, sandte ihm die Gattin ein mit dem giftigen Blute bestrichenes Opferhemd. Eratosthenes "Katast. Teucher Die Xenophon "Anab.
Aristoteles "Oekon. Xenophon "Oekon. Lucian nennt dieses Fass zuerst "Hermot. Die Griechen verehrten ihn an mehreren Orten s. Rose, vrgl. Und richtig! Dieser Spruch wird auch gern lateinisch citiert:.
Table of contents for issues of Isis
Kinds Gedicht "Ankaeos" verf. I, 85 :. Theokrit um v. Auch Bion I, 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 37, 38, 63, [S. Apollodors "Bibl. Diodor um d. Mitte d. So wurde uns das. Valerius Maximus 1, 2, 1; Vergil "Aen. Bei Ovid 43 v. In der Fabel des Hyginus bl. Hier war die Stelle, wo er sterblich war; denn bis auf die Ferse, an der sie ihn hielt, hatte Thetis den Neugeborenen in den [S.
Fulgentius 3, 7. Wir nennen daher die schwache, verwundbare Stelle eines Menschen seine. Nach Hyginus Fab. Hiernach nennen wir eine Saat der Zwietracht.
Wir pflegen zu sagen, dass ein neubelebt aus dem Zusammenbruch des Bestehenden hervorgehender Staat oder Mensch sich erhebe, wie ein. Creuzer "Symbolik" II, ff. Graesse "Sagen des Mittelalters" Dresd. Grimm "Deutsche Mythol. So wurde sie zum Losungswort der Romantik. Wir [S. Mit der Wendung. Grimm : "deutsche Mythol. Aus dem im Anfang des Neue Reihe V. Decennium des Massmann, Leipz.
Jahrhunderts, herausgegeben von W. Zarncke, S. So heisst es schon in Sebast. Franks erschienenen "Paradoxa", No. Hierin sieht Dr. Weinkauff Birlingers "Alemannia", VI, 1. Er spricht dort von einem [S. Zarncke , S. Bei Brant selbst steht hans myst. Hans Mist ist auch der Name eines Bauern in einem Fastnachtspiele des Keller I, S. Also hab ichs auch oft gebraucht, sonderlich und allermeist in der Predigt". Aus Calembourg haben wir dann zur Bezeichnung hervorragend schlechter Wortwitze. Nach dem "Was ist das? Gebot in Luthers "Katechismus" sollen wir.
Gott will uns damit locken, dass wir glauben sollen, er sei unser rechter Vater". Hiernach ist. Bei Neander: "Ethice vetus et sapiens", Lpz. Sonntag nach der heiligen Dreifaltigkeit, Anno , in tempio parochine", B. Lugende steht in Grimmelshausens "wunderbarlichem Vogelnest", II, Daraus ist. Classe der Kgl. Heinrich Voss diese Verse, also nicht Claudius , wie W. Luther" mit. Herder "Volkslieder", 1. Reichardt, , 2. Wenn in den "Epistolis obscurorum virorum" Lips. Zuerst frohlockten diese; als sie aber merkten, dass sie gemeint seien, erschien die Gegenschrift: "Lamentationes obscurorum virorum, non prohibitae per sedem Apostolicam".
Letzterer Ausdruck scheint erst im Jahrhundert gebildet worden zu sein. Band, S. Menander unt. Worte aus Griech. An der ersten Stelle heisst es: "wie Johann Ballhorn, der Buchdrucker zu Soest in Westfalen, welcher das ABCbuch vermehrt und verbessert herausgehen liess"; und an der zweiten: "als ich dasselbe erbrochen, lag darin dieses Pasquill, auctior et correctior, wie Johann Ballhorn zu schreiben pflag". Andere leiten [S. Eine Fibel mit dem Bilde des Hahnes, im Jahre gedruckt zu Hamburg, befindet sich in der dortigen Stadtbibliothek.
In "Deutscher Recht- nicht Schlechtschreibung" S. Aus dem "Esopus", 4, 62; des Burchard Waldis stammt:. Nun band er seine fette Katze in der Werkstatt an, und wenn ihn die Kunden mit leeren Worten des Dankes verliessen, sagte er: "Katz, das geb ich dir! Balthasar Schuppius "Freund in der Not" S. Clara "Huy und Pfuy der Welt". Ein Prediger muss ein Kriegsmann und ein Hirte sein. In den "Tischreden" ed. In Verlegung Caspar Klossmanns. Tausend 8. Hundert No. Teile von Zincgrefs "Apophthegmata" giebt. Lessing wiederholt es in "Emilia Galotti" , 2, 3; v.
Der Pastor in Frankfurt a. Andreas Musculus Mensel; gab die Schrift heraus "Vom zuluderten zucht und ehrerwegnen pluderichten Hosen Teuffel vermanung und warnung", auf deren neuer [S. Bibliothek zu Berlin, ist aber vorhanden in der reichhaltigen Costume-Bibliothek des Freiherrn von Lipperheide in Berlin. In Johann Fischart s "Gargantua" S. In seinen "Opera omnia", ed. Valentini, heisst es S. In Verlegung Caspar Klossmanns ersch.
Tausend, 8. Hundert, No. Hayneccius Lpz. Zincgref-Weidner "Apophthegmata", T. Franck "Sprichw. Mit seinen anderen, S. Im obengenannten Verzeichnisse bildete Zesen das Wort. Hamburg Das Ende der 2. Buch, Hamb. Auch spricht man kurzweg von einem. Voss: "Musenalm. Die Moral der Geschichte stammt aus Horaz Epist.
Dieser Behauptung widerspricht Goethe heftig in den Gedichten "Allerdings" , 3.
August Wilhelm Schlegel,
Heft der Morphologie und "Ultimatum" zuerst in der Ausg. Aus dem Ersteren citieren wir Hallers Wort also:. Daraus entstand. Es handelt sich in der Fabel darum, ob ein Hecht zu blau oder zu wenig blau gesotten ist; dem Hausherrn ist er's zu wenig, der Hausfrau zu sehr. Ihr Tod scheint gewiss. Hiermit ahmte Gellert des Chr. Anderer Teil. Aus Gellerts Liede "Zufriedenheit mit seinem Zustande" a. Faures Quatrains waren noch im Fabel des 1. Buches "Die Katzen und der Hausherr" lautete, wie in der Ausgabe von , der 1. Vers der 2. Englischen des John O. Keefe frei bearbeitet v.
Gleim sagt in den "Fabeln", Berlin anonym , S. Hamann adoptierte das Wort sofort und nannte sich. Vers [S. Gesangs des "Messias" Klopstock lehnt sich hier an Vers 5 und 6 des Sie gehen hin und weinen und tragen edlen Samen und kommen mit Freuden und bringen ihre Garben". Weiterhin sagt Kant : "Dieser Imperativ mag der der Sittlichkeit heissen".
Bande unter dem Titel "Duo quum faciunt idem, non est idem" Wenn zwei dasselbe thun, ist's nicht dasselbe die einhundertneunzehnte Nummer der 4. In "Tales and quicke Answeres", o. Carew Hazlitt. Nach "Luthers Tischreden", Eisleben, , S. Dort heisst es: "Da sprach der Schultes: 'War's meine Kuh? Das ist ein ander Ding'". Berlin "; darin steht unter dem Texte: Hel. Morgen, morgen! Mit neuen Melodien v.
Hiller , Leipz. Laut Vorrede sind die Lieder von S. Aus Lessings "Liedern" 1, 6 citiert man ungenau, aber verbessernd den Schluss der "Antwort eines trunknen Dichters":. Zu jener Zeit erschienen die "Traumlehren" des Astrampsychus und des Nicephorus her. Schopenhauer : "Handorakel" 3.
Wieland ist ferner durch seine Worte in "Musarion" B. Dies Citat scheint aus der Luft gegriffen. Die Redensart steht vielmehr in "Les bigarrures et touches du seigneur des Accords. Avec les Apophthegmes du Sieur Gaulard. Jean Richter ". In der Fussnote heisst es:.
Blumenstrauss", Offenbach komponierten "Rheinweinlied":. Gottfried Herder nannte in der bis erschienenen "Adrastea", Bd. Sammlung, Gotha , S. Die 22 ersten Romanzen erschienen in der "Adrastea" 5, , Leipz. I, Kap. In Trapps "Braunschweigischem Journal", Teil Vastola sagt:. Ebenda S. Dies Wort hatte er in den "Briefen aus Paris" zum ersten Male versucht, welche im "Braunschweigischen Journal" abgedruckt wurden. Brief aus Paris, steht S. Ecloge  bezieht, der den Namen seinem Vorbilde Theokrit entlehnte, in dessen 4.
Keil, , S. Zu erinnern ist hier auch noch an das Gedicht des Adam Olearius:. Vers Wonach dann bei Iuvenal 9, "O Corydon, Corydon! Nach Herders erst nach seinem Tode erschienener Recension Ausg. Suphan, Bd. II, S. Juli heisst es:. Akt, [S. In "Dichtung und Wahrheit" Buch gedenkt Goethe seines am Er schildert sich darin bei Tische zwischen Lavater und Basedow sitzend.
In den "Leiden des jungen Werthers" B. II, unterm Dies deutet weiterhin auf Ovid , der "Met. In der "Iris" Jacobis , Bd. Auftritte des 1. In "Erwin und Elmire" a. Aus Goethes Ballade "Der Fischer"  wird citiert:. In Musik gesetzt von Siegm. Seckendorff", Weimar , S. Das von Goethe am 7. September an einen [S. Briefes vom 3.
Vielleicht zuerst von L. Das [S. Aus dem im 8. Der letzte Vers beruht auf 1. Korinther 10, ". Cicero pro Roscio Amerino 42, "Non in omnes, arbitror, omnia convenire"; Properz 4, 9, 7: "Omnia non pariter rerum sunt omnibus apta"; Tacitus "Ann. Zu Grunde liegt wohl dem Allem das freche "si libet, licet", was Julia zu ihrem Stiefsohn Caracalla sagte, als er sie zum Weibe begehrte bei Spartian : "Antonin. Caracalla", c. In der "Terpsichore" I.
Werke", her. Aus Goethes "Faust. Ein Fragment". Echte Ausgabe. Dies ruht auf 5. Buches von "Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahren" erschienen und kommt in dem am Schlusse stehenden Liede des Harfenspielers gedichtet :. Werke 19, Dahinter steht bei Goethe ein anderer Gesang des Harfenspielers, welcher beginnt:. Goethe citiert sie in "Wahrheit und Dichtung", Juni ; Auftritt wird citiert:.
Aus Goethes ebenda S. Aus dem zu Schillers Todtenfeier am Huber, Lafontaine, Pfeffel u. Cotta; wiederholt und erneut bei der Vorstellung am Cotta Band von Goethes Werken erschienenen "Faust" wird citiert:. Sie kannten wohl die Lehre des Mani 3. Vorgestellet anno heisst es im "anderen Auftritt":. Nicht Goethes Erfindung, sondern ein altes Wort. Juli Morgenbl. Das war aber damals nur bei den in Chatham angefertigten Tauen der englischen [S. Seit besteht der Brauch in Englands Flotte.
Dort sagt I, 6 der Tempelherr zu Daja: "Weib macht mir die Palmen nicht verhasst, worunter ich so gern sonst wandle". Goethe mag hierauf, wie Schopenhauer "Par. Vers von Goethes am Zeller setzte es in Musik. Teile, im Buche, von "Dichtung und Wahrheit" gefunden, wo er kurz nach der Definition: "Genie ist die Kraft des Menschen, welche durch Handeln und Thun Gesetz und Regel giebt", sagt: "Wenn einer zu Fusse, ohne recht zu wissen warum und wohin, in die Welt lief, so hiess dies eine Geniereise, und wenn einer etwas Verkehrtes ohne Zweck und Nutzen unternahm, ein Geniestreich".
Mai erschienenen Aufsatzes von Goethe :. I dieses Buches gebildete:. Man hat wohl den Schlussreim des unter "Epigrammatisch" befindlichen, erschienenen Goethe schen Gedichtes "Grabschrift" beim Citieren damit verschmolzen:. Abteilung: "Jetzt da sich eine Weltliteratur einleitet, hat, genau besehen, der Deutsche am meisten zu verlieren; er wird wohl thun, dieser Warnung zu gedenken". Auch findet sich bei Goethe Cotta Endlich sprach er zu Eckermann Das ist der grosse Nutzen, der bei einer Weltliteratur herauskommt und der sich immer mehr zeigen wird".
Aus Goethes vollendetem, bei Cotta in Stuttgart erschienenen 2. Teil des "Faust" wird citiert:. Der Anfang eines Gedichtes des Johann Heinrich v. Schiller mag hierdurch zu den Versen seines "Siegesfestes" angeregt worden sein:. Seneca "de benef. Langhansens u. Gedichte, nach dem Tode d. Schlippenbach ", Mitau , S.
Heines "Buch der Lieder" "Junge Leiden" Jahn "Mozart", T. IV, S. Zur Liebe will nicht: kann ich dich nicht zwingen. Man kann doch wohl niemand zur Liebe zwingen". Musen-Almanach auf das Jahr , S. Friedrich Ludwig Beneken setzte das Lied in Musik. Johann Heinrich Voss ist zu nennen wegen des im "Vossischen Musenalmanache" von befindlichen, von Joh. Abraham Peter Schulz komponierten Liede. Die Stelle, nach welcher das Distichon gemacht ist, steht in Lessings "Briefen, die neueste Litteratur betreffend" Brief, , Nur muss [S.
Tiedge :. Die Verse des vierten Gesangs der "Urania" sind die citierten. Der Gedanke freilich ist nicht neu, denn schon Cicero , Laelius, cap. Kaufmann" von H. Der Anfangsvers eines Liedes von Chr. Overbeck , das zuerst im Vossischen Musenalmanach v. Ferner beginnt, auch in "Frizchens Liedern" Hamburg , S. Hurka komponiertes Lied Overbecks :. Balthasar Gerhard Schumacher geb. Januar im "Flensburger Wochenblatt". Es beginnt also:. Aus Aug. Leipzig Lischke, jetzt Karl Paez erschienenen Liedes, welches beginnt:.
Flaschner , steht S. Koblenz das Lied dadurch um, dass er den 5 Strophen desselben 5 neue Strophen vorstellte. Regierungs- und Medicinalrate a. Weiterhin ruft der alte Moor:. Akt, Sc. Mannheim Gedruckt in der Buchdruckerei zu Tobolsko", S. In derselben "Anthologie" bietet in dem Gedichte: "In einer Bataille. Von einem Offizier", S.
Dies wird also citiert:. Ferner finden wir in "Kabale und Liebe":. Heft, S. Heft lautet:. Siehe "Et ego in Arcadia". Was in der Zeiten Hintergrunde schlummert; . Mein Roderich! Mein Rodrigo". Die Sonne geht in meinem Staat nicht unter. Die erste Aldiner Ausgabe des Herodot wurde in Venedig gedruckt. Nach Edmund Dorer "An Calderon zum Mai " "Die Gegenwart", 4. Juni , S. Hier ist die Stelle, wo ich sterblich bin; . Zu Menschen sich verirrt? Die Liebe ist der Liebe Preis, .
Unrecht leiden schmeichelt grossen Seelen. Aus Schillers ebenda, IV. In dem Gedichte "Die Ideale" S. Verse der Schiller schen Parodie "Shakespeares Schatten". Aus Schillers "Hoffnung" Aus dem "Ring des Polykrates" S. In seinem im Okt. Seneca : "Natur. In "Wallensteins Lager" , 5. Der Anfang der Kapuzinerpredigt  in "Wallensteins Lager" lautet:. Es treten im Lager zwei Arquebusiere auf, philisterhafte Gesellen, die sich zweimalige Kritiken zuziehen, im Diese Sage wurde zu einem Melodrama verarbeitet, in welchem ein dressierter Pudel die Hauptrolle spielte, der den Pariser Janhagel in Begeisterung versetzte.
Der Pudel wurde jedoch heimlich verschrieben, Goethe ging am Abend der Theaterprobe, am In Goedekes "Historisch-kritischer Ausg. Das Auge sieht den Himmel offen, . Kapitel I. Der Anfang der "Piccolomini" lautete:. Clauren und gegen diesen geschriebenen Romans "Der Mann im Monde" noch bekannter geworden ist;. Simrock, "Quellen des Shakespeare", 2. This study sought to examine the effects of media images on men's attitudes toward their body appearance.
A group of college men viewed advertisements showing muscular men, whereas a control group viewed neutral advertisements. Immediately thereafter, participants performed a computerized test of body image perception while unaware of the hypotheses being tested in the study. The students exposed to the muscular images showed a significantly greater discrepancy between their own perceived muscularity and the level of muscularity that they ideally wanted to have. These findings suggest that media images , even in a brief presentation, can affect men's views of their bodies.
Compared with Western research, gender differences favoring boys were generally much smaller for…. Is athletic really ideal? An examination of the mediating role of body dissatisfaction in predicting disordered eating and compulsive exercise. Investigations into female body image have suggested that rather than thinness, preference is now being given to a female "athletic ideal " characterised by a toned abdomen, firmer lower body and muscular upper body. This study sought to investigate a whether greater internalization of the athletic- ideal is associated with higher body dissatisfaction, dieting, bulimic symptoms and compulsive exercise, and b whether body dissatisfaction mediates the relationship between athletic- ideal internalization and the disordered eating and exercise behaviours of dieting, bulimic symptoms and compulsive exercise.
Participants were females aged between 17 and 35years. Participants completed a battery of questionnaires measuring athletic- ideal internalization, body dissatisfaction, dieting, compulsive exercise and bulimic symptoms. Athletic- ideal internalization was not found to be associated with body dissatisfaction, but was found to predict dieting, bulimic symptoms and compulsive exercise directly.
Body dissatisfaction did not mediate the relationship between athletic- ideal internalization and any of the disordered eating and exercise behaviours. The study was limited by its cross sectional design which precluded conclusions being drawn about the direction of causality and temporal associations.
Athletic- ideal internalization, while not associated with body dissatisfaction, was associated with a range of disordered eating and exercise behaviours. Results from the study suggest that the female athletic- ideal is an equally unrealistic and problematic ideal for women to strive towards. Media-portrayed idealized images , self-objectification, and eating behavior. This study examined the effects of media-portrayed idealized images on young women's eating behavior. The study compared the effects for high and low self-objectifiers.
Six magazine advertisements featuring idealized female models were used as the experimental stimuli, and the same six advertisements with the idealized body digitally removed became the control stimuli. Eating behavior was examined using a classic taste test that involved both sweet and savory food. Participants' restraint status was assessed. We found that total food intake after exposure was the same in the body present and absent conditions. There were also no differences between high and low self-objectifiers' total food intake. However, for the total amount of food consumed and for sweet food there were significant group by condition interaction effects.
High self-objectifiers ate more food in the body present than the body absent condition. In contrast, low self-objectifiers ate more food in the body absent than in the body present condition. Restraint status was not found to moderate the relationship between exposure to idealized images the amount of food consumed. Our results indicate that exposure to media-portrayed idealized images can lead to changes in eating behavior and highlight the complexity of the association between idealized image exposure and eating behavior.
These results are discussed in terms of their implications for the prevention of dieting-related disorders. Brain activation upon ideal-body media exposure and peer feedback in late adolescent girls. Media's prevailing thin- body ideal plays a vital role in adolescent girls' body image development, but the co-occurring impact of peer feedback is understudied.
The present study used functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI to test media imagery and peer feedback combinations on neural activity related to thin- body ideals. Twenty-four healthy female late adolescents rated precategorized body sizes of bikini models too thin or normal , directly followed by ostensible peer feedback too thin or normal.
This effect was stronger for girls with lower self-esteem. This suggests that the neural responses upon peer feedback may influence subsequent choice. Our results show that media-by-peer interactions have pronounced effects on girls' body ideals. Body Weight and Body Image.
PubMed Central. Health Issue Body weight is of physical and psychological importance to Canadian women; it is associated with health status, physical activity, body image , and self-esteem. Although the problems associated with overweight and obesity are indeed serious, there are also problems connected to being underweight. Weight prejudice and the dieting industry intensify body image concerns for Canadian women and can have a major negative impact on self-esteem. Key Findings Women have lower BMIs than men, a lower incidence of being overweight and a higher incidence of being underweight.
However, women across all weight categories are more dissatisfied with their bodies. Sixty percent of women are inactive, and women with a BMI of 27 or higher are more likely to be inactive than women with lower BMIs. The data show that women are aware of the health benefits of exercise, but there is a gap between knowledge and practice. When asked about barriers to health improvement, Data Gaps and Recommendations Weight prejudice must be made unacceptable and positive body image should be encouraged and diversity valued.
Health policies should encourage healthy eating and healthy activity. Health curricula for young students should include information about healthy eating, active lifestyle, and self-esteem. Physical activities that mothers can participate in with their families should be encouraged.
Research should be funded to elucidate the most effective methods of getting women to become and remain physically active without focusing on appearance. Longitudinal relationships among internalization of the media ideal , peer social comparison, and body dissatisfaction: implications for the tripartite influence model. Sociocultural theory of body dissatisfaction posits that internalization of the media ideal and appearance comparison are predictors of body dissatisfaction, a key risk factor for eating disorders. However, no data exist regarding the longitudinal relationships between these variables.
The aim of this study was to explore longitudinal relationships among internalization of the media- ideal , social appearance comparison, and body dissatisfaction. Path analyses indicated that baseline internalization of the media ideal predicted social appearance comparison and body dissatisfaction at 8 months, and social appearance comparison at 8 months predicted body dissatisfaction at 14 months. A reciprocal effect emerged with body dissatisfaction at 8 months predicting internalization of the media ideal at 14 months.
The findings inform sociocultural theory of body dissatisfaction, suggesting that internalization of the media ideal precedes and predicts appearance comparison and that body image interventions that target internalization of the media ideal , and social appearance comparison as well as body dissatisfaction are likely to be effective. Body image and transsexualism. To achieve a detailed view of the body image of transsexual patients, an assessment of perception, attitudes and experiences about one's own body is necessary.
To date, research on the body image of transsexual patients has mostly covered body dissatisfaction with respect to body perception. We investigated 23 preoperative 16 male-to-female and 7 female-to-male transsexual patients and 22 postoperative 14 male-to-female and 8 female-to-male transsexual patients using a validated psychological measure for body image variables.
We found that preoperative transsexual patients were insecure and felt unattractive because of concerns about their body image. However, postoperative transsexual patients scored high on attractiveness and self-confidence. Furthermore, postoperative transsexual patients showed low scores for insecurity and concerns about their body.
Our results indicate an improvement of body image concerns for transsexual patients following standards of care for gender identity disorder. Follow-up studies are recommended to confirm the assumed positive outcome of standards of care on body image. Karger AG, Basel. This is neither universal nor always clinically accurate. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of standard IBW formulas compared to MetLife data.
Weight loss data from bariatric surgical patients between and was used to assess the accuracy of IBW formulas. IBWs assigned from the midpoint of the medium frame and reassigned using different gender targets were compared to standard formulas and a new formula to assess the accuracy of all formulas to both targets. Using the new target baseline, the mean IBW was Deitel and Greenstein's formula was accurate to 0.
Deitel and Greenstein's formula is most accurate using standard target IBW. The obese patients have differences in body composition, drug distribution, and metabolism. Sugammadex was administrated at T 2 recovery. The durations of intubation and maintenance doses of rocuronium were similar in both groups. This paper explores what is perceived and believed to be an ideal ballet body by young ballet dancers.
Such bodily belief becomes, in Pierre Bourdieu's terms, a core part of a ballet dancer's habitus. A four year longitudinal, ethnographic, empirical study of the experiences of 12 young ballet dancers, six boys and six girls, aged between 10 and…. Obesity and body image. Modern western culture emphasizes thinness, denigrates excess weight, and stigmatizes obese individuals, making it likely that obese people internalize these messages and feel badly about the physical presence that brands them.
There is clear evidence that obesity is linked with poor body image , but not all obese persons suffer from this problem or are equally vulnerable. Risk factors identified thus far are degree of overweight, being female, and binge eating, with some evidence of risk increasing with early age of onset of obesity, race, and several additional factors. Treatments do exist for improving body image in overweight individuals. Key questions are how to identify those in need of body image intervention, how such programs can be integrated with weight loss treatments, and ultimately, how body image distress can be prevented.
The media's portrayal of the ideal body image has been shown to be a large determinant of one's body image perception. The desire to be excessively thin can be conceived of as an artifact of White-American culture largely due to the media's influence. This study looks at cultures that have had limited exposure to the American ideal and examines…. Avatar body dimensions and men's body image. Men's ratings of the importance of their avatar's appearance correlated with their actual weight and muscle concerns, and disparity between their avatar and actual body dimensions predicted their offline context body change concerns additional to that accounted for by disparity between their ideal and actual bodies.
Together with the observation that men also reported higher self-esteem, less social interaction anxiety and less social phobia while online which correlated with the time they spent online , these results suggest that the physical dimensions of avatars used in social interactions online may serve a compensatory function.
Do portrayals of women in action convey another ideal that women with little self-determination feel obligated to live up to? Viewing effects on body image evaluations and eating behaviors. Theoretical and empirical research suggests that valuing the body in terms of its functionality and physical competence rather than its appearance may improve women's relationships with their body and food. We tested this proposition by investigating women's responses to contrasting portrayals of the female body as a function of viewers' general motivation SD: self-determined vs NSD: non self-determined.
Afterwards, participants completed measures of appearance and competence self-appraisals and were then offered three varieties of chocolate bars to sample and evaluate. Their actual intake g along with motives to exert self-control identified vs introjected were assessed. Negative viewing effects were obtained for both the " body -as-process" and the " body -as-object" videos and these effects were exacerbated by participants' motivation. Women with a NSD motivation evaluated their appearance and competence more negatively post-exposure.
They also endorsed more guilt-related reasons introjected motives to exert control over their consumption of chocolate which predicted diminished intake. These findings suggest that portrayals of female athleticism and physical competence may represent another ideal that women with a NSD motivation feel obligated to live up to. Universal equation for estimating ideal body weight and body weight at any BMI1.
Background: Ideal body weight IBW equations and body mass index BMI ranges have both been used to delineate healthy or normal weight ranges, although these 2 different approaches are at odds with each other. In particular, past IBW equations are misaligned with BMI values, and unlike BMI, the equations have failed to recognize that there is a range of ideal or target body weights.
Objective: For the first time, to our knowledge, we merged the concepts of a linear IBW equation and of defining target body weights in terms of BMI. Design: With the use of calculus and approximations, we derived an easy-to-use linear equation that clinicians can use to calculate both IBW and body weight at any target BMI value.
Results: Our linear equation allowed us to calculate body weights for any BMI and height with a mean empirical accuracy of 0. Moreover, we showed that our body weight equation directly aligns with BMI values for both men and women, which avoids the overestimation and underestimation problems at the upper and lower ends of the height spectrum that have plagued past IBW equations.
Conclusions: Our linear equation increases the sophistication of IBW equations by replacing them with a single universal equation that calculates both IBW and body weight at any target BMI and height. Therefore, our equation is compatible with BMI and can be applied with the use of mental math or a calculator without the need for an app, which makes it a useful tool for both health practitioners and the general public.
Universal equation for estimating ideal body weight and body weight at any BMI. Ideal body weight IBW equations and body mass index BMI ranges have both been used to delineate healthy or normal weight ranges, although these 2 different approaches are at odds with each other. For the first time, to our knowledge, we merged the concepts of a linear IBW equation and of defining target body weights in terms of BMI. With the use of calculus and approximations, we derived an easy-to-use linear equation that clinicians can use to calculate both IBW and body weight at any target BMI value.
Our linear equation allowed us to calculate body weights for any BMI and height with a mean empirical accuracy of 0. Our linear equation increases the sophistication of IBW equations by replacing them with a single universal equation that calculates both IBW and body weight at any target BMI and height. Personality traits and appearance- ideal internalization: Differential associations with body dissatisfaction and compulsive exercise. Thin- ideal internalization is a robust risk factor for body dissatisfaction and eating pathology.
Conversely, athletic- ideal internalization is often unrelated to body dissatisfaction, but predicts compulsive exercise i. Distinct personality traits could relate to internalization of different appearance ideals , which may be associated with divergent eating disorder outcomes. Past research has shown that neuroticism is related to body dissatisfaction, whereas extraversion and conscientiousness have been associated with regular and problematic exercise. The current study examined associations among personality traits i. Moreover, we tested whether appearance- ideal internalization mediated the relationships between personality traits with body dissatisfaction and compulsive exercise.
As expected, body dissatisfaction was positively related to neuroticism, and compulsive exercise was positively associated with extraversion. Thin- ideal internalization positively correlated with neuroticism, athletic- ideal internalization positively correlated with conscientiousness, and both thin- and athletic- ideal internalization were positively related to extraversion.
After controlling for gender, body mass index, the other appearance- ideal internalization, and the remaining personality traits, the indirect effects of both neuroticism and extraversion on body dissatisfaction through thin- ideal internalization were significant.
Extraversion and conscientiousness were indirectly related to compulsive exercise through athletic- ideal internalization, whereas the indirect effect of neuroticism was dependent on covariates. As such, personality traits may be related to. Body Image and Body Contouring Procedures. Dissatisfaction with physical appearance and body image is a common psychological phenomena in Western society.
Body image dissatisfaction is frequently reported by those who have excess body weight, but also is seen in those of normal body weight. For both groups of individuals, this dissatisfaction impacts self-esteem and quality of life. Furthermore, it is believed to be the motivational catalyst to a range of appearance-enhancing behaviors, including weight loss efforts and physical activity.
Body image dissatisfaction is also believed to play a role in the decision to seek the wide range of body contouring procedures offered by aesthetic physicians. Individuals who seek these procedures typically report increased body image dissatisfaction, focus on the feature they wish to alter with treatment, and often experience improvement in body image following treatment.
At the same time, extreme body image dissatisfaction is a symptom of a number of recognized psychiatric disorders. These include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and body dysmorphic disorder BDD , all of which can contraindicate aesthetic treatment. This special topic review paper provides an overview of the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and aesthetic procedures designed to improve body contouring.
The review specifically focuses on the relationship of body image and body weight, as well as the presentation of body image psychopathology that would contraindicate aesthetic surgery. The overall goal of the paper is to highlight the clinical implications of the existing research and provide suggestions for future research on the psychological aspects of body contouring procedures.
Reprints and permission: journals. The effects of the ideal of female beauty on mood and body satisfaction. The present study examined changes in women's mood states resulting from their viewing pictures in fashion magazines of models who represent a thin ideal. This study, therefore, supports the hypothesis that media images do play a role in disordered eating. Relationships amongst body dissatisfaction, internalisation of the media body ideal and perceived pressure from media in adolescent girls and boys. Sociocultural factors that underpin gender differences in body dissatisfaction have not frequently been explored.
We examined the relative contribution of internalization of media body ideals and perceived pressure to achieve this ideal in explaining body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls. A sample of boys and girls completed measures of internalization of body ideals , perceived pressure, body mass index BMI and body dissatisfaction. As expected, girls showed higher body dissatisfaction, internalization and pressure than boys.
Internalization, pressure and BMI contributed to the prediction of body dissatisfaction in boys and in girls although these variables explained less variance in body dissatisfaction in boys. In addition, for girls the strongest predictor of body dissatisfaction was internalization, whilst for boys the strongest predictor was pressure. Differences in extent of internalization and pressure may contribute to higher body dissatisfaction in girls than boys.
These sociocultural factors may affect girls and boys differently. Difference scores are often used as a means of assessing body image satisfaction using silhouette scales. Unfortunately, difference scores suffer from numerous potential methodological problems, including reduced reliability, ambiguity, confounded effects, untested constraints, and dimensional reduction.
In this article, the methodological…. We explored the hypotheses that adolescents have more negative obesity stereotypes than children and that age differences in obesity stereotypes are mediated by weight attributions, body esteem, and appearance idealization. Hispanic- and Caucasian-American children completed measures of appearance idealization , body esteem, and attributions about….
Random laser illumination: an ideal source for biomedical polarization imaging? Imaging applications increasingly require light sources with high spectral density power over spectral bandwidth. This has led in many cases to the replacement of conventional thermal light sources with bright light-emitting diodes LEDs , lasers and superluminescent diodes. Although lasers and superluminescent diodes appear to be ideal light sources due to their narrow bandwidth and power, however, in the case of full-field imaging , their spatial coherence leads to coherent artefacts, such as speckle, that corrupt the image.
LEDs, in contrast, have lower spatial coherence and thus seem the natural choice, but they have low spectral density. Random Lasers are an unconventional type of laser that can be engineered to provide low spatial coherence with high spectral density. These characteristics makes them potential sources for biological imaging applications where specific absorption and reflection are the characteristics required for state of the art imaging.
In this work, a Random Laser RL is used to demonstrate speckle-free full-field imaging for polarization-dependent imaging in an epi-illumination configuration. We compare LED and RL illumination analysing the resulting images demonstrating that the RL illumination produces an imaging system with higher performance image quality and spectral density than that provided by LEDs.
Body shape ideals across gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, race, and age in personal advertisements. To assess body shape ideals across gender, sexual orientation, race, socio-economic status, and age, An analysis of personal advertisements was conducted across seven different publications which targeted the groups of interest. Women advertised body weight much less often than men, and lesbians reported body shape descriptors significantly less often than heterosexual women.
Gay men and African-American men described their body shape significantly more often than did other groups.
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Race and sexual orientation may influence the importance of size of body shape ideals for men. For women, however, their advertised weights conformed to the thin ideal across all groups surveyed. Gender roles affecting body shape ideals and mate attraction are discussed. The influence of materialism and ideal body internalization on body -dissatisfaction and body -shaping behaviors of young men and women: support for the Consumer Culture Impact Model.
Exposure to media images of the ' body -perfect' ideal has been partly blamed for the pursuit of thinness among women and muscularity among men. Research has largely overlooked the materialistic messages frequently associated with these images. In both studies, the internalization of materialistic values is strongly linked to the internalization of body -perfect ideals : the thin- ideal for young women, and the muscular- ideal for young men. A materialist value orientation also predicted body dissatisfaction in both studies, and was linked to body shaping behaviors, albeit differently for young women and men.
Thus, the research identifies materialism as a further correlate of both body dissatisfaction and excessive body -shaping behaviors. The findings support Dittmar's Consumer Culture Impact Model, which proposes that the body -perfect and 'material good life' ideals jointly impact well-being. Body Image Satisfaction among Blacks.
Satisfaction with body image is a factor related to health outcomes. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between body image satisfaction and body size perception in an urban, Black community sample in New Orleans, Louisiana. Only The current study examined whether exposure to sexually objectifying images in a potential romantic partner's virtual apartment affects discrepancies between people's perception of their own appearance i. Participants were heterosexual undergraduate students 57 women and 57 men from a northeastern U.
Non-Sexualized between-subjects design. We predicted that women exposed to sexually objectifying images in a virtual environment would report greater discrepancies between their self-perceptions and partner- ideals than men, which in turn would contribute to women's body consciousness. Findings support this hypothesis and show that perceived discrepancies account for the relationship between exposure to sexually objectifying images and body consciousness for women but not men.
We also found gender asymmetries in objectification responses when each component of perceived discrepancies, i. For men, exposure to muscular sexualized images was significantly associated with their self-perceptions but not their perceptions of the body size that is considered desirable to a romantic partner. For women, exposure to thin sexualized images was significantly associated with their perceptions that a romantic partner preferred a woman with a smaller body size.
However, exposure to these images did not affect women's self-perceptions. Implications for gender asymmetries in objectification responses and perceived discrepancies that include a romantic partner's perceptions are discussed. Ideal gender identity related to parent images and locus of control: Jungian and social learning perspectives.
In this research, we wanted to clarify how gender images are different or invariant and related to parents, attributes, and the attitude of controlling life locus of control in two cultural contexts, Japan and Finland. For this purpose, students' ideal gender images , consisting of ideal mother, female, father and male images , and parents' similarity to the four ideal gender images were studied in Japanese and Finnish university students. Major findings were a Japanese students' ideal gender images were more stereotypic than those of Finnish students; b students' ideal mother image and parents' similarity to the ideal mother image were related only to their sex, which supports Jung's theory; c students socially learned other ideal gender images , but these did not fit with expectation from social learning theory; d Japanese students' mothers are models or examples of gender images , but Finnish male students did not seem to base their ideal gender images on their parents.
Implication of measures was discussed. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between perception of own appearance, Internet pornography consumption, preferences for pornographic actors' appearance, and sexual self-esteem in gay and bisexual men in Norway.
An online survey of gay and bisexual men showed that, despite the prevailing muscular and lean gay body ideal , many men with less ideal bodies also preferred to watch pornographic actors with body types similar to their own. Self-perceived attractiveness, having an ideal body type, and viewing Internet pornography in longer sessions each made a unique contribution to higher self-esteem as a sexual partner.
Preferring to watch pornographic actors with ideal bodies was not related to sexual self-esteem. The findings underscore the importance for gay or bisexual men of both self-perceived attractiveness and being athletic or young and fit, for a positive self-evaluation of sexual performance and competence. Body size ideals and dissatisfaction in Ghanaian adolescents: role of media, lifestyle and well-being. To inspire effective health promotion campaigns, we tested the relationship of ideal body size and body size dissatisfaction with 1 the potential resulting health-influencing factors diet, physical activity and well-being; and 2 with media as a potential influencer of body ideals.
Ideal body size and body size dissatisfaction were assessed using the Stunkard figure rating scale. Body mass index BMI , skinfolds and waist were measured. Linear regressions were adjusted for gender, age and parental education. Also, mediation was tested: 'can perceived media influence play a role in the effects of actual body size on body size dissatisfaction? Body size dissatisfaction was associated with lower well-being and more media influence pressure and internalisation but not with physical activity, diet quality or disordered eating.
An underweight body size ideal might worsen disordered eating but was not significantly related to the other predictors of interest. Only a partial mediation effect by media pressure was found: especially overweight adolescents felt media pressure, and this media pressure was associated with more body size dissatisfaction. To prevent disordered eating and low well-being, health messages should include strategies that reduce body size dissatisfaction and increase body esteem by not focussing on the thin body ideal.
Changing body size ideals in the media might be an appropriate way since media pressure was a mediator in the BMI-dissatisfaction relation. Published by Elsevier Ltd. What Is an Attractive Body?
Geflügelte Worte, Georg Büchmann
What is the ideal body size and shape that we want for ourselves and our partners? What are the important physical features in this ideal? And do both genders agree on what is an attractive body? To answer these questions we used a 3D interactive software system which allows our participants to produce a photorealistic, virtual male or female body.
Forty female and forty male heterosexual Caucasian observers females mean age In this programme the shape and size of a 3D body can be altered along 94 independent dimensions, allowing each participant to create the exact size and shape of the body they want. The volume and thus the weight assuming a standard density and the circumference of the bust, waist and hips of these 3D models can then be measured.
The results suggest a consistent preference for an ideal male and female body size and shape across both genders. The results also suggest that both BMI and torso shape are important components for the creation of the ideal body. This paper explores the social construction of the " ideal " body of the female ballet dancer in North America. Specifically, the author constructs a Foucauldian genealogy tracing a body shape that came to dominate the principal female dancers of the New York City Ballet, and how this body shape continues to be normalized through….
Mediators of the relationship between thin- ideal internalization and body dissatisfaction in the natural environment. Social comparisons i. Participants were college women who completed a 2-week EMA protocol, responding to questions three times per day. Multilevel path analysis was used to examine a mediation model thin- ideal internalization assessed as trait; between-person effects examined and a model component of thin- ideal internalization [thin- ideal importance] assessed momentarily; within- and between-person effects examined.
For the model, only body comparison and body surveillance were significant specific mediators of the between-person effect. For the model, all four variables were significant specific mediators of the within-person effect. Only body comparison was a significant specific mediator of the between-person effect. At the state level, many processes explain the thin- ideal internalization- body dissatisfaction relationship.
However, at the trait level, body comparison and body surveillance are more important explanatory factors. Fitzsimmons-Craft, Ellen E. Aging, body image , and body shape. Participants picked a number on a Likert-type scale ranging from 1 very thin to 9 very obese in response to questions including "Which is the most attractive? In response to the age-specific line drawings e. Likewise, older women reported thinking more about their body shape and appearance than did men and perceived their body image as "a little too big" in comparison with the older men who perceived their body image as "just the right size.
Much as with college-aged women, the endorsement of a thinner body image by many of the older adult female participants appeared to persist into late adulthood and suggests that research into body image issues with older adults is relevant and necessary. In recent decades, men have been bombarded with images in society that depict the " ideal " male: strong, muscular, lean, with perfect features. What many adolescents do not realize is that most of the male bodies that they idealize can be acquired only with the use of anabolic steroids. Thus, many adolescent boys find themselves pursuing a body….
Guy's Guide to Body Image. Having a positive body image means feeling pretty They may have Different physical attributes and body types are good for different Using body silhouettes, 87 college women and college men indicated their own body shapes and shapes they and same-sex and other-sex peers find most attractive. Focus was on whether women overestimate desirability of thin figures among female peers.
Males and females misjudged same-sex peers' preferences compared with ideals. The ways in which boys and girls talk about bodies differed clearly within the focus group conversations as well as in the everyday situations described in the interviews. The boys were more concrete in their description of….
Weight status and body image perceptions in adolescents: current perspectives. Adolescence represents a pivotal stage in the development of positive or negative body image. Many influences exist during the teen years including transitions eg, puberty that affect one's body shape, weight status, and appearance. Weight status exists along a spectrum between being obese ie, where one's body weight is in the 95th percentile for age and gender to being underweight.
Salient influences on body image include the media, which can target adolescents, and peers who help shape beliefs about the perceived body ideal. Internalization of and pressures to conform to these socially prescribed body ideals help to explain associations between weight status and body image. The concepts of fat talk and weight-related bullying during adolescence greatly contribute to an overemphasis on body weight and appearance as well as the development of negative body perceptions and dissatisfaction surrounding specific body parts.
This article provides an overview of the significance of adolescent development in shaping body image , the relationship between body image and adolescent weight status, and the consequences of having a negative body image during adolescence ie, disordered eating, eating disorders, and dysfunctional exercise.
Practical implications for promoting a healthy weight status and positive body image among adolescents will be discussed. Canine recommended breed weight ranges are not a good predictor of an ideal body condition score. Breed-specific ideal bodyweight range information is widely used by dog owners and breeders as a guideline to ensure animals are within a healthy weight range.
Body Condition Scoring, a method used by veterinarians to assess an animal's overall shape with regard to weight is considered to be an excellent method to determine an animal's overall body condition; these values, however, do not always correspond to published weight ranges.
Here, the weight, neuter status, age and a nine-point Body Condition Score of a population of purebred dogs were recorded and subsequently analysed to determine whether bodyweight was an effective predictor for Body Condition Scores. This comparison indicated that published recommended, breed-specific body weight ranges are not a good predictor for an ideal BCS and as such, guidelines for owners and breeders need to be systematically reviewed. Body image dissatisfaction is a significant risk factor in the onset of eating pathology and depression.
Therefore, understanding predictors of negative body image is an important focus of investigation. This research sought to examine the contributions of body mass, appearance conversations with friends, peer appearance criticism and…. Bastian, Lori A. Ahinee; Ostbye, Truls. Abstract Background Body image BI and body satisfaction may be important in understanding weight loss behaviors, particularly during the postpartum period. We assessed these constructs among African American and white overweight postpartum women. Methods The sample included women 73 African American and 89 white in the intervention arm 6 months into the Active Mothers Postpartum AMP Study, a nutritional and physical activity weight loss intervention.
BIs, self-reported using the Stunkard figure rating scale, were compared assessing mean values by race. Body satisfaction was measured using body discrepancy BD , calculated as perceived current image minus ideal image BD 0: desire to be lighter. African Americans' mean BDs adjusting for age, BMI, education, income, marital status, and interaction terms were significantly lower than those of whites, indicating greater body satisfaction among African Americans BDIdeal: 1. Conclusions Racial differences exist in postpartum weight, ideal images , and body satisfaction.
Healthcare providers should consider tailored messaging that accounts for these racially different perceptions and factors when designing weight loss programs for overweight mothers. Body image , media, and eating disorders. Eating disorders, including obesity, are a major public health problem today. Throughout history, body image has been determined by various factors, including politics and media. Exposure to mass media television, movies, magazines, Internet is correlated with obesity and negative body image , which may lead to disordered eating. The authors attempt to explain the historical context of the problem and explore potential avenues for change.
The authors review changes in ideal female body type throughout history, comment on current attitudes toward shape and weight in both men and women, and outline interventions aimed at increasing healthy habits and fostering self-esteem in youth. Throughout history, the ideal of beauty has been difficult to achieve and has been shaped by social context. Current mass media is ubiquitous and powerful, leading to increased body dissatisfaction among both men and women. Parents need to limit children's exposure to media, promote healthy eating and moderate physical activity, and encourage participation in activities that increase mastery and self-esteem.
Funding for high-quality, visible advertising campaigns promoting healthy life styles may increase awareness. Extant body image research has provided a rich understanding of negative body image but a rather underdeveloped depiction of positive body image. Thus, this study used Grounded Theory to analyze interviews from 15 college women classified as having positive body image and five body image experts.
Many characteristics of positive body image emerged, including appreciating the unique beauty and functionality of their body , filtering information e. A holistic model emerged: when women processed mostly positive and rejected negative source information, their body investment decreased and body evaluation became more positive, illustrating the fluidity of body image. Women reciprocally influenced these sources e. Copyright This paper argues for a change of thinking about the " ideal body " in relation to ballet as a dance form and how it is studied. It distinguishes between spectator and practitioner perspectives on ballet, and draws on the practice of established dance artists and that of the author to write about the first-person experience--from the inside out.
Positive fantasies or negative contrasts: the effect of media body ideals on restrained eaters' mood, weight satisfaction, and food intake. Although viewing media body ideals promotes body dissatisfaction and problematic eating among women e. Because restrained eaters are trying to lose weight, they might be vulnerable to such media exposure. However, because of demand characteristics, evidence is mixed. Therefore, we minimized demand characteristics and explored whether media body ideals would trigger restrained eaters to report negative negative mood, weight dissatisfaction or positive positive mood, weight satisfaction effects.
We also hypothesized that this change negative or positive would encourage food intake. Restrained eaters exposed to media images reported decreased weight satisfaction and increased negative mood, but their food intake was not significantly affected. Perhaps paying advertent attention to the images caused goal-related negative affect, which triggered restraint. Body image attitude among Chinese college students.
The present study aimed to examine body image attitude in Chinese college students and related psychological consequences. A silhouette-matching test was administered to college students in mainland China. Self-esteem, negative emotions, subjective well-being, and eating-disorder-related weight-controlling behaviors were also measured. The majority of the female participants indicated a preference to be more slender.
Their ideal figure was underweight and was far smaller than the most attractive female figure chosen by male participants. For male participants, the proportion wanting a fuller figure was comparable to that wanting a slimmer figure. Among female participants, body image dissatisfaction negatively correlated with self-esteem and subjective well-being, and positively correlated with negative emotions. Drive for thinness correlated with eating-disorder-related weight-controlling behaviors not only for females, but also for males. Body image dissatisfaction, as a diagnostic feature for major subtypes of eating disorders, may signal serious concern among Chinese college students.
Media exposure, mediated social comparison to idealized images of muscularity, and anabolic steroid use. This study examined the association between anabolic-androgenic steroid AAS use and dominant sociocultural factors, specifically media exposure to idealized images of male muscularity, and mediated social comparison trends among a sample of young Arab adults. The study found evidence that participants more exposed to content that promotes muscularity and those who idealize images of muscularity and perceive them as motivators for achieving muscularity are more likely to be AAS users.
It also found that a significant percentage of participants used at least one kind of dietary supplement and that the level of AAS use among health club participants indicates it is a significant public health problem in Lebanon. The study suggests that dealing with this problem requires a unique approach, beyond the typical awareness of risks strategy, since some users were well aware of the risks yet continue to use AAS, and their motivations pertain more to body image and sexuality.
A stronger approach that utilizes critical media literacy teaching that ingrains these issues into school and university curricula will have a more lasting impact. The effects of body exposure on self- body image and esthetic appreciation in anorexia nervosa. Repeated exposures to thin- idealized body shapes may alter women's perceptions of what normal e. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether exposure to thin and round body shapes may change the subsequent esthetic appreciation of others' bodies and the perceptual and cognitive-affective dimensions of self- body image in patients suffering from anorexia nervosa AN.
Thirteen AN patients and 13 matched healthy controls were exposed to pictures of either thin or round unfamiliar body models and, before and after exposure, they were required to either express liking judgments about round and slim figures of unfamiliar bodies esthetic task or to adjust distorted pictures of their own body to their perceptual How do you see yourself? Brief exposures to round models increased liking judgments of round figures in both groups. However, only in AN patients, exposure to round models induced an increase in thin figures liking, which positively correlated with their preoccupation with dieting.
Furthermore, exposure to round bodies in AN patients, but not in controls, increased the distortion for the perceptual body image and decreased the size of the ideal one. No differences between the two groups were obtained after adaptation to thin models. Our results suggest that AN patients' perception of their own and others' body is more easily malleable by exposure to round figures as compared to controls. Crucially, this mechanism may strongly contribute to the development and maintenance of self- body image disturbances. This study explores the female body ideal and its implications for health and fitness practices in African-American culture.
Employing Patricia Hill Collins's notion of the "outsider-within," we analyze a focus group discussion on women's body ideals , exercise, and fitness. Our group comprises 9 young, college-educated African-American…. Capsule endoscopy: in search of the ideal image. Capsule studies can be reviewed by varying rates and speeds; however, the presence of significant debris is frustrating to the reviewer much like the excessive stool that tends to hinder the progress of a colonoscopist.
Numerous studies have been published in regards to the advantages of an ideal preparation in the setting of capsule endoscopy. This most recent study by Wei et al. In theory, this will lead to an improved diagnostic ability to limit excessive reading duration. Single exposure to disclaimers on airbrushed thin ideal images increases negative thought accessibility. Disclaimers on airbrushed thin ideal images can attract attention to the thin ideal standard promoted by the advertisements, which can be damaging rather than helpful. In this study, 48 female college students were exposed to a thin ideal image including a disclaimer, a neutral sentence, or nothing.
Two weeks and two months after this, they were again exposed to the same image but with no accompanying text in any of the conditions. Negative thought accessibility was assessed three times, after each exposure to the thin- ideal image , using reaction time measures. Participants randomly assigned to the disclaimer condition systematically showed greater accessibility of negative thoughts than those in the other two conditions, irrespective of the time of measurement. These results suggest that disclaimers on airbrushed images may have some counter-productive effects by accentuating the problems that they precisely aim to address.
Sociocultural pressures, thin- ideal internalization, self-objectification, and body dissatisfaction: could feminist beliefs be a moderating factor? Theory and research suggest that sociocultural pressures, thin- ideal internalization, and self-objectification are associated with body dissatisfaction, while feminist beliefs may serve a protective function. This research examined thin- ideal internalization and self-objectification as mediators and feminist beliefs as a moderator in the relationship between sociocultural pressures to meet the thin- ideal and body dissatisfaction.
Multisample structural equation modeling showed that feminist beliefs moderate the relationship between media awareness and thin- ideal internalization, but not the relationship between social influence and thin- ideal internalization. Research and clinical implications of these findings are discussed. Current models of beauty represent an extreme thinness in the women and a muscular body in the men. The body image perception will condition the search of ideal beauty through different behaviors and can be transform in eating disorders.