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Mutiny on the Mayflower
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Smith died of an unrecorded illness midway through , at age 51, in the London home of Sir Samuel Saltonstall, a friend. The rock, now much reduced from its original size, rests on the coast of Plymouth Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, in Plymouth,…. Ship , any large floating vessel capable of crossing open waters, as opposed to a boat, which is generally a smaller craft. The term formerly was applied to sailing vessels having three or more masts; in modern times it usually denotes a vessel of more than tons of displacement. Human migration, the permanent change of residence by an individual or group; it excludes such movements as nomadism, migrant labour, commuting, and tourism, all of which are transitory in nature.
A brief treatment of human migration follows. For further discussion, see population: Migration. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
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Plans for the 400th anniversary of the Mayflower have been announced. Here’s what’s happening.
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The Mayflower Rotherhithe Pub Home – Oldest pub on the Thames, SE16 4NF
Although Mayflower did not sink, a few of these things actually did happen! Mayflower wasn't taken over by pirates -- the ship sailed on a northern path across the Atlantic to avoid them -- but she was damaged by a bad storm halfway to America. The storm cracked one of the massive wooden beams supporting the frame of the ship.
In another storm, a young passenger, John Howland, was swept off the deck of the ship and into the ocean! Although many people were seasick on the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean, only one person died. He was a sailor who had been very mean to the passengers and taunted them about their seasickness. The colonists believed he died because God was punishing him for being cruel. One baby was born during the journey. Elizabeth Hopkins gave birth to her first son, appropriately named Oceanus, on Mayflower. It must have been very challenging to give birth on a moving ship, with so many people and so much seasickness around.
After more than two months 66 days at sea, the Pilgrims finally arrived at Cape Cod on November 11, A few weeks later, they sailed up the coast to Plymouth and started to build their town where a group of Wampanoag People had lived before a sickness had killed most of them. The Pilgrims lived on the ship for a few more months, rowing ashore to build houses during the day, and returning to the ship at night. Many people began to get sick from the cold and the wet; after all, it was December!
Finally, in March , there were enough houses that everyone could live on land. After a long, hard voyage, and an even harder winter, Mayflower left Plymouth to return to England on April 5, Traveling on the ocean years ago was a very different experience than it is today. There were no computers, televisions, air conditioners, fancy meals or swimming pools. In the s, most ships were merchant ships. They were made for carrying cargo, like barrels of food or cloth, large pieces of wood, and casks of wine, from one place to another to be sold.
Mayflower Hotel, Paris
Before Mayflower sailed to New England, it had been sailing around Europe carrying wine and cloth. This cargo was probably stored in the lower decks of the ship in one large, open storage area. There were no windows on this deck because windows might let in seawater that would ruin the cargo. A little water would leak in anyway, though, so this area was always cold, damp and dark.
The storage decks had very low ceilings. The ship had low-ceilinged decks to make it safer and to save space for the decks where the sailors lived.
A ship that was too tall might tip over or sink. The crew sailors and officers of the ship lived on the upper decks. In , there were about crewmembers on Mayflower. The Master , in charge of sailing the ship, was Christopher Jones. He probably had his quarters , or living space, at the stern the back of the ship.
This was the driest and most comfortable area on the ship. The common sailors , or regular workers, had their quarters at the front of the ship, or bow , in a room called the forecastle. It was in a part of the ship constantly hit by waves, so it was always wet and cold.
The sailors would have to get used to the swaying and pitching of the ship because it was at its strongest here. There were also officers on Mayflower. They were responsible for sailing and navigating the ship.