The Execution of Saddam Hussein: An American-Iranian Game
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Bush administration officials in support of its policy of regime change in Iraq. President George W. Bush , when in reality he was in a relatively low-level position at the time. In , at the age of 20, Saddam Hussein joined the nascent Ba'ath Party , which was founded on a socialist form of Pan-Arabism. After participating in an unsuccessful assassination attempt on then Prime Minister of Iraq Abd al-Karim Qasim , Saddam became a fugitive, and eventually fled to Syria and then Egypt.
Footballers who paid the penalty for failure | World news | The Guardian
The Ba'ath party returned to power after another successful coup in In , Saddam Hussein displaced General Bakr, and a little more than a year later, he ordered Iraqi troops to invade Iran, starting the Iran—Iraq War that would continue until Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait led to the Gulf War. Saddam fled the capital of Baghdad shortly before it fell in mid April ,   and disappeared; he was finally captured on December 13 of that year by U.
Saddam remained in U. On November 5, , Saddam was found guilty of crimes against humanity , and was turned over to the Iraqi Interim Government for his execution by hanging just before the end of that year, on the 30th of December. When Saddam was initially questioned, he gave his U.
Army Military Intelligence Corps interrogators only evasive or rhetorical answers. Defense Department announced that he was classified as a prisoner of war on January 9, Government had also announced that it wanted to turn him over to a new Iraqi government for a public trial with international observers. The FBI began documenting sessions they characterized as "formal interviews" beginning on February 7. Piro described how he seated Saddam with "his back against the wall" to reinforce that psychological impression, but denied using any of the enhanced interrogation techniques approved for use by the CIA, because he said it was against FBI policy,  and would not have worked in this case.
Although the FBI reports were generally written in a narrative fashion, they occasionally provided direct quotations attributed to Saddam Hussein, translated from Arabic to English by the FBI. Some of these quotes were highlighted in secondary source accounts of the reports, including these grouped by subject in rough chronological order :. A number of press reports describe the Iraqi dictator admitting to a catastrophic miscalculation, having misled the United States into believing Iraq still possessed biological and chemical weapons.
This interpretation has been challenged by journalist Solomon Hughes, writing: "You might remember that we invaded Iraq because Saddam did have WMD, but was pretending he didn't. How does this story work? It doesn't, because the [Associated Press] report is false. Hussein stated he was more concerned about Iran discovering Iraq's weaknesses and vulnerabilities than the repercussions of the United States for his refusal to allow UN inspectors back into Iraq.
This is not the same as pretending to have WMD.
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Saddam did not want to look like he could be pushed around by the UN lest his neighbours scent weakness, but his government repeatedly—and accurately—denied having WMD. The chronology of the reported meetings between Piro and Saddam in .
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main articles: History of Iraq and Saddam Hussein. Iraq portal. Mouth Of The Potomac.
Daily News New York. Retrieved National Security Archive. FBI special agents carried out 20 formal interviews and at least 5 'casual conversations' with former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein after his capture by U. Google News. Associated Press. After the invasion of Iraq, Saddam Hussein stayed in Baghdad until he saw 'the city was about to fall.
The records show Saddam happily boasted of duping the world about stockpiling weapons of mass destruction. He was questioned first by a team of interrogators led by the Central Intelligence Agency, according to Charles A. Duelfer, a veteran intelligence official who led the hunt for unconventional weapons in Iraq in Later, starting in February , F. Duelfer said in an interview. Washington Post.
United States support for Iraq during the Iran–Iraq War
Saddam Hussein told an FBI interviewer before he was hanged that he allowed the world to believe he had weapons of mass destruction because he was worried about appearing weak to Iran, according to declassified accounts of the interviews released yesterday. A red card was particularly dangerous. Three years ago, Yasser Abdul Latif, a former captain, was accused of hitting the referee in a club match in Baghdad. He was taken to the Radwaniya prison camp, on the edges of the capital, and confined to a cell two metres square, with a tiny window high in the wall.
His head and eyebrows were shaved, and he was stripped to the waist.
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He was then ordered to perform press-ups for two hours. Three guards flogged him with lengths of electric cable, spelling off when their arms grew tired. The torture continued, in two-hour sets with an hour's break in between, and the beatings grew more savage as Latif tired. The only relief, if it can be called that, came when he was led outdoors into the winter cold, and doused in freezing water. Latif was at Radwaniya for two weeks. When he was released, he was unable to sleep on his back for a month.
They threatened me. If I didn't participate in the team, they said they would beat me again and again, and consider me an enemy of the regime, and that would mean death. Although the torture of footballers was common knowledge in sporting circles, it evaded international scrutiny.
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Players described elaborate preparations to dupe Fifa investigators, who visited Iraq, with officials hiding those players still carrying the scars from recent beatings. It is difficult to comprehend why Uday set such store by football. He was never much of an athlete, and he knew almost nothing about the game, according to members of the Iraq squad.
But he latched on to football in the mids - before his reputation for brutality grew so extreme that even Saddam ruled him out as a suitable heir - as a means to establishing some kind of popularity in Iraq. He appointed himself chairman of the Olympic committee, and of the football federation, cementing his hold over the country's sport further with his stewardship of the Ba'ath party sports paper.
Later, players say, Uday saw the game only as a source of cash; and after he was badly wounded in a assassination attempt, he became consumed by hate. As football overseer, Uday kept a private torture scorecard, with written instructions on how many times each player should be beaten on the soles of his feet after a particularly poor showing. However, he did not bloody his own hands. The dispensation of punishment was subcontracted out to his spies among team officials and Iraqi army officers and police.
Interrogation of Saddam Hussein
His proxies included, among others: Adib Shaban, a photographer, who was taken on as Uday's secretary, Samir Borhan, who was attached to the team, and Adnan Hamman, a footballing official, who were feared in their own right. Uday confined his direct interventions to half-time talks, bellowing obscenities and threats over the speaker phone. However, he did make a point of summoning the entire team once or twice a season to his offices, or to a riverside palace.
He would enter with half a dozen armed men and launch into a harangue, singling out individual players and mercilessly dissecting their performance.