Hindu gods and goddesses
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He created the Trinity who are carrying out their job of taking care of the universe. Other demi-Gods are considered as manifestations of Him. Names of 33 Gods Mentioned in Vedic Scriptures:. They are the managers of the universe and have limitless powers. Vishnu and Shiva are given more importance than Brahma because of some mistakes of Brahma.
Lord Brahma: Lord Brahma is the creator of the universe. He is not worshipped individually as he is cursed because of his misbehavior. He is worshipped in the form of a Trinity.
Lord Vishnu: Lord Vishnu is the protector of the universe. So far, he has incarnated himself nine times. The 10 th incarnation is expected to come soon. Lord Shiva: Lord Shiva is considered as the destroyer of the universe. He is also called as God of Gods Mahadev. He is very popular and is worshipped mainly in the form of a Lingam. She reincarnated in many forms to kill demons on the earth.
She represents the feminine power. Devi Saraswati: She is the goddess of education and daughter of Lord Brahma. She is always depicted as having a Veena, a stringed musical instrument, in her hands.
Devi Laxmi: Devi Laxmi is the goddess of wealth and prosperity. She is the wife of Lord Vishnu.
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Hindus worship Laxmi so that she would make them wealthy. There are in fact very few temples built in his honor. However, his consort Saraswathi, who is the goddess of learning, is worshipped by many, especially the students or the brahmacharis of the Vedic schools. She is frequently found in the company of Ganesha and Sri Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and the consort of Lord Vishnu, and receives honors and prayers along with them.
Vishnu is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining the worlds and looking after their welfare. He rules Vaikunth. He has a number of followers all over the world who regard Him as the Supreme Lord. A number of temples have also been built in his honor right from the post Mary period. Though He was a minor deity in the early Vedic period, he became very popular with the rise of Vaishnavism during the subsequent periods. Some of his incarnations are also worshipped in many parts of India, and they attract wider following among people than Himself as Vishnu.
Most famous among his incarnations are Lord Rama and Lord Krishna, the heroes of the epics, the Ramayana and the Bhagawatha. They have millions of devotees all over the world. Lord Balaji, is also equally famous. His temple at Tirumala in Andhra Pradesh is reckoned to be the richest in the world and attracts a huge number of devotees throughout the year.
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His consort Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth is equally popular. She is worshipped in many households regularly, especially by the seekers of artha or material wealth. Lord Siva is the destroyer of the worlds. He is the supreme yogi who is easy to be pleased. He is as popular as Lord Vishnu, and he is the chief deity of Saivism, which also became popular in the same period as Vaishnavism.
In fact, a long rivalry existed between the two, each side claiming their supreme deity to be the Supreme Lord of the universe.
While Vaishnavism caught the imagination of the householders and seekers of material comforts, Saivism captured the imagination of renunciants ascetic people and seekers of liberation. Today both these gods are extremely popular across the length and breadth of Hindu society. References to Siva can be found in the Rigveda where in he is referred to as Rudra, the god of anger. According to some Siva is not the same as the Rudra of the Vedas. Whatever may be the truth, Siva is also known as Rudra because of his nature to show bouts of occasional temper.
His anger is the anger of righteousness, not to be confused with the petty anger of the human beings. It is born of out of a specific divine purpose to destroy something in order to create something new. It is the manifestation of an energy whose intent is to create purity of purpose and harmony of structure in the object of destruction, but not to destroy something for the sake of destruction only.
He is the destroyer of negativism and egoism and purifier of the consciousness with his abundant grace. He resides in kailash on the top of an icy mountain. The ice signifies the ignorance of a frozen and static consciousness the waters of Hindu scriptures. The word "Si" means cool sheetal and the word "va" to live vasa. The word "Siva" therefore means, He who lives on the top of cool mountains of frozen consciousness.
He is not generally worshipped in his original physical form as a mula murthi , but mainly as Sivlinga, the phallic symbol signifying creation as the combination of Purusha and Prakriti. He is also worshipped variously as Nataraja, Dakshinamurthi, Ardhanarishwara, Virabhadra, Chandeswara, Pataleswara etc.
Worship of Divine Mother is equally popular in India. As the ruler and creator of the worlds she attracts a large following across the length and breadth of the country. She is worshipped both in her peaceful forms and her fierce forms. On the positive side, she is the personification of love and peace, providing solace to her devotees. Though She was known originally for her fierce form and association with esoteric rituals of Tantrism, Shri Adi Shankaracharya brought her into the public glare through his famous work "Saundarya Lahari" and his travels to various parts of the country and made her acceptable to a majority of Hindus in Her most benign form as the Mother of unbound love.
Hindu Gods and Goddesses
Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa, one of the greatest saints ever born on earth, proved through his own personal experience that anyone with true devotion and purity of their hearts and minds can seek her blessings and guidance. She is worshipped as Lakshmi, Saraswathi and Uma or Parvathi. She is most popular as Goddess Durga in eastern India and elsewhere also. During the Durga Festival She is worshipped continuously on a grand scale for nine continuous days during which many devotees observe fasting, taking nothing but water during the whole period.
The Hindu gods are real and true manifestation of the Supreme Self. They are a part of Hindu consciousness. They impart beauty, variety and charm to the very practice of religion. It is difficult to conceive of Hinduism without their presence. Hindus worship several other gods. Most of them are associate gods, aspects, emanations, manifestations, partial incarnations, and reflections of the principal gods namely Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Some of them are ancient Vedic gods who have been reassigned new roles in the restructured Hindu pantheon during the post Vedic period. Many Hindus worship the Navagrahas or the nine planets mainly to ward off adversity and evil influences.
Generally, they are not worshipped in homes but in temples. These planet gods play a key role in Hindu astrology. The Navagrahas are, 1. Surya the sun , 2. Soma, or the moon, 3. Managala, Kuja or Angaraka, mars , 4. Budha Mercury , 5. Brihaspati Jupiter , 6. Sukra Venus , 7. Sani Saturn , 8.
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Rahu and 9. People generally worship these planet gods to appease them and ward off evil and negative influences. The Ashtadikpalas or rulers of the eight directions also need special mention.
They are not generally worshipped as individual deities but addressed in many invocations during important rituals and Vedic ceremonies. They also play a vital role in Vasthu Shastra the science of construction. Among the intermediate directions, north east is ruled by Isvara, north west by Niruthi, south east by Agni and south west by Vayu. The discussion would be incomplete without the mention of the following deities who have become very popular in modern times. Search Hinduwebsite. Featured Article 1 2 3 4.