BLIND EYES

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The awards, organized by the Humphrey Institute's Public and Nonprofit Leadership Center and the Bush Foundation highlight innovative projects that improve the lives of Minnesotans. The award sponsors showcased the work of the Aging Eyes Initiative in a short video. Watch it with Audio Description or with captions. Read the transcript.

Without tools and training, vision loss can be a significant factor in losing independence. The short but comprehensive quiz is a valuable tool for understanding risks and creating an action plan. We urge our community partners to use the quiz as a way of supporting the seniors you work with. You can fill it out online or download it. If you provide services to seniors in your community and would like to assist seniors experiencing vision loss, join our growing network of community partners.

Email us at aging.

Bringing sight to blind and low-vision people

Cloud West St. Aging Eyes Initiative The Aging Eyes Initiative partners with community programs and organizations throughout Minnesota to help seniors adjust to vision loss by providing: Information about eye conditions common to seniors, such as macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy Low-vision aids and devices at no charge Referrals for more extensive assistance at State Services for the Blind SSB. Learn more about SSB's services for seniors. Becoming a Community Partner We provide training and resources to community partners at no charge.

Upon completion, partners are able to: Understand common eye diseases and how they affect vision Provide information about vision loss and strategies for adjusting to it Use evaluation tools to help identify needs. Here are a few examples of our current partners: Living At Home Network Programs, which focus on helping seniors maintain good health Faith Community Nurse Network of the Greater Twin Cities, which combine professional nursing and spiritual care Centers for Independent Living, which help people with vision loss or other disabilities function at home, work and in their communities Once trained, partners sign a memorandum of understanding with SSB and receive a kit of low-vision aids and devices to be given to seniors at no charge.

Social development includes interactions with the people surrounding the infant in the beginning of its life. To a child with vision, a smile from a parent is the first symbol of recognition and communication, and is almost an instant factor of communication. For a visually impaired infant, recognition of a parent's voice will be noticed at approximately two months old, but a smile will only be evoked through touch between parent and baby.

This primary form of communication is greatly delayed for the child and will prevent other forms of communication from developing. Social interactions are more complicated because subtle visual cues are missing and facial expressions from others are lost. Due to delays in a child's communication development, they may appear to be disinterested in social activity with peers, non-communicative and uneducated on how to communicate with other people.

This may cause the child to be avoided by peers and consequently overprotected by family members. With sight, much of what is learned by a child is learned through imitation of others, whereas a visually impaired child needs very planned instruction directed at the development of postponed imitation. A visually impaired infant may jabber and imitate words sooner than a sighted child, but may show delay when combining words to say themselves, the child may tend to initiate few questions and their use of adjectives is infrequent.

Normally the child's sensory experiences are not readily coded into language and this may cause them to store phrases and sentences in their memory and repeat them out of context. The language of the blind child does not seem to mirror their developing knowledge of the world, but rather their knowledge of the language of others. A visually impaired child may also be hesitant to explore the world around them due to fear of the unknown and also may be discouraged from exploration by overprotective family members.

Without concrete experiences, the child is not able to develop meaningful concepts or the language to describe or think about them. Visual impairment has the ability to create consequences for health and well being.

'Bionic eye' lets blind man 'see' again

Visual impairment is increasing, especially among older people. It is recognized that those individuals with visual impairment are likely to have limited access to information and healthcare facilities, and may not receive the best care possible because not all health care professionals are aware of specific needs related to vision. The WHO estimates that in there were million visually impaired people in the world, of which million had low vision and 39 million were blind. By age: Visual impairment is unequally distributed across age groups. Due to the expected number of years lived in blindness blind years , childhood blindness remains a significant problem, with an estimated 1.

By gender: Available studies consistently indicate that in every region of the world, and at all ages, females have a significantly higher risk of being visually impaired than males. By geography: Visual impairment is not distributed uniformly throughout the world. Since the estimates of the s, new data based on the global population show a reduction in the number of people who are blind or visually impaired, and those who are blind from the effects of infectious diseases, but an increase in the number of people who are blind from conditions related to longer life spans.

In , it was estimated that , people in the United States met the legal definition of blindness. To determine which people qualify for special assistance because of their visual disabilities, various governments have specific definitions for legal blindness. This means that a legally blind individual would have to stand 20 feet 6. In many areas, people with average acuity who nonetheless have a visual field of less than 20 degrees the norm being degrees are also classified as being legally blind.

Approximately fifteen percent of those deemed legally blind, by any measure, have no light or form perception. The rest have some vision, from light perception alone to relatively good acuity. The Moche people of ancient Peru depicted the blind in their ceramics. In Greek myth, Tiresias was a prophet famous for his clairvoyance.

What Causes Blindness?

According to one myth, he was blinded by the gods as punishment for revealing their secrets, while another holds that he was blinded as punishment after he saw Athena naked while she was bathing. In the Odyssey , the one-eyed Cyclops Polyphemus captures Odysseus , who blinds Polyphemus to escape. The New Testament contains numerous instances of Jesus performing miracles to heal the blind. According to the Gospels, Jesus healed the two blind men of Galilee , the blind man of Bethsaida , the blind man of Jericho and the man who was born blind. The parable of the blind men and an elephant has crossed between many religious traditions and is part of Jain , Buddhist , Sufi and Hindu lore.

In various versions of the tale, a group of blind men or men in the dark touch an elephant to learn what it is like. Each one feels a different part, but only one part, such as the side or the tusk. They then compare notes and learn that they are in complete disagreement. The work is explicitly incongruous, ending with the comment Did you ever see such a sight in your life, As three blind mice?

Poet John Milton , who went blind in mid-life, composed On His Blindness , a sonnet about coping with blindness. The work posits that [those] who best Bear [God]'s mild yoke, they serve him best. The Dutch painter and engraver Rembrandt often depicted scenes from the apocryphal Book of Tobit , which tells the story of a blind patriarch who is healed by his son, Tobias, with the help of the archangel Raphael. Slaver-turned-abolitionist John Newton composed the hymn Amazing Grace about a wretch who "once was lost, but now am found, Was blind, but now I see.

Aging Eyes Initiative Receives Award for Innovation

In the later years of his life, Newton himself would go blind. Wells ' story " The Country of the Blind " explores what would happen if a sighted man found himself trapped in a country of blind people to emphasise society's attitude to blind people by turning the situation on its head. Contemporary fiction contains numerous well-known blind characters. Some of these characters can see by means of devices, such as the Marvel Comics superhero Daredevil , who can see via his super-human hearing acuity, or Star Trek ' s Geordi La Forge , who can see with the aid of a VISOR , a fictional device that transmits optical signals to his brain.

Blind and partially sighted people participate in sports, such as swimming , snow skiing and athletics. Some sports have been invented or adapted for the blind, such as goalball , association football , cricket , golf , tennis , bowling , and beep baseball. The word "blind" adjective and verb is often used to signify a lack of knowledge of something.

For example, a blind date is a date in which the people involved have not previously met; a blind experiment is one in which information is kept from either the experimenter or the participant to mitigate the placebo effect or observer bias. The expression " blind leading the blind " refers to incapable people leading other incapable people. Being blind to something means not understanding or being aware of it.

A " blind spot " is an area where someone cannot see: for example, where a car driver cannot see because parts of his car's bodywork are in the way; metaphorically, a topic on which an individual is unaware of their own biases, and therefore of the resulting distortions of their own judgements see Bias blind spot.

A study tested the effect of using gene therapy to help restore the sight of patients with a rare form of inherited blindness, known as Leber's congenital amaurosis or LCA. The study used a common cold virus to deliver a normal version of the gene called RPE65 directly into the eyes of affected patients.

Ren and Sam Tompkins - Blind Eyed (live)

Remarkably, all 3 patients, aged 19, 22 and 25, responded well to the treatment and reported improved vision following the procedure. Due to the age of the patients and the degenerative nature of LCA, the improvement of vision in gene therapy patients is encouraging for researchers. It is hoped that gene therapy may be even more effective in younger LCA patients who have experienced limited vision loss, as well as in other blind or partially blind individuals.

Two experimental treatments for retinal problems include a cybernetic replacement and transplant of fetal retinal cells. Statements that certain species of mammals are "born blind" refers to them being born with their eyes closed and their eyelids fused together; the eyes open later. One example is the rabbit. In humans, the eyelids are fused for a while before birth, but open again before the normal birth time; however, very premature babies are sometimes born with their eyes fused shut, and opening later.

Other animals, such as the blind mole rat , are truly blind and rely on other senses. The theme of blind animals has been a powerful one in literature.

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Peter Shaffer 's Tony Award-winning play, Equus , tells the story of a boy who blinds six horses. Theodore Taylor 's classic young adult novel, The Trouble With Tuck , is about a teenage girl, Helen, who trains her blind dog to follow and trust a seeing-eye dog. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Blindness disambiguation. Play media. See also: List of blind people and Blind musicians. See also: Blindness in literature.

Main article: Visual prosthesis. Main article: Blindness in animals. Disability portal. Acute visual loss Blindness and education Color blindness Diplopia Nyctalopia Recovery from blindness Stereoblindness Tactile alphabet Tactile graphic Tangible symbol systems Visual agnosia Visual impairment due to intracranial pressure World Blind Union. World Health Organization.

‎Be My Eyes – Helping the blind on the App Store

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Massachusetts Medical Society. Retrieved 9 March ICD - 10 : H MedlinePlus : Diseases of the human eye H00—H59 — Stye Chalazion Blepharitis. Trichiasis Madarosis. Dacryoadenitis Epiphora Dacryocystitis Xerophthalmia. Exophthalmos Enophthalmos Orbital cellulitis Orbital lymphoma Periorbital cellulitis. Conjunctivitis allergic Pterygium Pinguecula Subconjunctival hemorrhage.

Scleritis Episcleritis. Iris Ciliary body.

Choroideremia Choroiditis Chorioretinitis. Cataract Congenital cataract Childhood cataract Aphakia Ectopia lentis. Ophthalmoparesis Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia Kearns—Sayre syndrome. Conjugate gaze palsy Convergence insufficiency Internuclear ophthalmoplegia One and a half syndrome. Hemianopsia binasal bitemporal homonymous Quadrantanopia. Asthenopia Hemeralopia Photophobia Scintillating scotoma. Nystagmus Childhood blindness.